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Showing posts from February, 2017

Telangana Literature

The earliest known Literature of Telangana is around 940 AD during the rule of  Chalukyas of Vemulvada who patronized Sanskrit, Kannada and Telugu.  575 A.D - The Kalamalla inscription unearthed on the premises of Chennakesava-Siddeshwara temple at Kalamalla village in Yerraguntla Mandal Kadapa district A.P. is considered to be the first one written entirely in the Telugu language and put up by Renati Chola King Erikal Mutthuraju. 10th Century Adi Kavi Pampa (902 A.D - 975 A.D)   was court poet of Arikesari II (930 - 955 AD).  The Chalukya King of Vemulawada, Arikesari-II asks Pampa to write an epic to immortalize him. Pampa takes up the work with utmost earnestness. Within one year, he creates Kannada’s greatest epic ‘Vikramarjuna Vijaya aka ‘Pampa Bharatha. Arikesari-II is greatly pleased with the work of Pampa. He bestows him with an honorific ‘Kavithagunarnava’ and also gifts him with an agrahara called Dharmapura.  Pampa’s samadhi (grave) was discovered in 1970 in the town of

Forts

Telangana has numerous Forts because of its rich history. Golkonda Fort Warangal Fort Khammam Fort Elagandal Fort Bhuvanagiri or Bhongir Fort Medak Fort Nagunur Fort Rachakonda Fort Devarakonda Fort Nizamabad Fort Gadwal Fort Jagitial Fort Nirmal Forts Khilla Ghanpur Fort Koulas Fort Molangur Fort Ramagiri Fort Gandhari Fort Utnoor Gond Fort Domakonda Fort Pangal Fort Wanaparthy Palace Jataprolu Kollapur Samsthanam Atmakur Amarachinta Samsthanam Hanamkonda Fort Kotilingala Fort Mallur Fort Forts by Districts Adilabad Utnoor Gond Fort Bhadradri Kothagudem  Hyderabad Golkonda Fort Jagtial Jagitial Fort Kotilingala Fort Jangaon Jayashankar Bhoopalpally  Mallur Fort Jogulamba Gadwal  Gadwal Fort Kamareddy Domakonda Fort Koulas Fort Karimnagar Elagandal Fort Molangur Fort Nagunur Fort Khammam Khamma Fort Kumram Bheem Asifabad Mahabubabad  Mahbubnagar Mancherial Gandhari Fort

Pangal Fort

Pangal Fort is located at Pangal in Wanaparthy District of Telangana, India. Pangal Fort is one of the Famous Hill Forts in Telangana. It was built by Kalyani Chalukya Kings during 11th and 12th Centuries. The fort is spread across hundreds of acres with Seven Gateways. The Main entrance is called as Mundlagavini and is a special attraction of this fort. It was built with huge granite rocks. The ruins of the fort houses several monuments built with beautiful architecture, including Uyyala Mandapam and several water bodies. Many deadly wars had taken place among the dynasties like Bahamani, Vijayanagara, Padmanayaka and Qutub Shahis at this fort. The fort also witnessed guerrilla warfare during the revolted against the Nizam. The specialty of the fort is its area ad terrain. Spread across hundreds of acres of land in rugged hilly terrain with thorny vegetation, the fort area is guarded by seven gateways. There are some small ponds, rock structures and beautiful rock formations.

Koulas Fort & Temple

Koulas Fort is located in Koulas village, Jukkal mandal of Kamareddy district, Telangana State, India. Little known Koulas fort dating back to the fourteenth century, spread across six square km has the potential of becoming a much sought after tourist destination. Situated on the border of Telangana, Karnataka and Maharashtra States, 180 km from Hyderabad and 100 km from the district headquarter town of Nizamabad, Koulas fort can be a tourists’ delight as a quick getaway for one day. The trip can also be tagged on with a visit to the historic Nizamsagar, the irrigation project built by the seventh Nizam on the Manjira, and Koulasnala projects close by.

Khilla Ghanpur Fort

Khilla Ghanpur Fort is located in Ganpur village & Mandal, Wanaparthy District, Telangana State, India. This hill fort was built by joining two mountains by Recharla Padma Nayakulu and Gona Ganapa reddy in 13th century. This fort has witnessed many wars between Bahamanis, Vijayanagara Kings, Bijapur Kings and Qutb Shahi Kings etc. The cannons which still exist have been kept on the top most side of the fort. We can also see palace and ministers houses ruins.

Utnoor Gond Fort

Utnoor Gond Fort was constructed around 1309 AD and is spread on a 15-acre area consisting even of a step well modelled on the lines of the famous step wells of Rajasthan. The fort has seen centuries of neglect. The main entrance, completely crumbled, is located on the east and leads to an inner gate, a major portion of which stands even today. While the ramparts were built of brick and mortar, the inner walls were made of mud and the inner gate was constructed with stone. The inner gate is a tall arched structure which leads to the living quarters and the garrison inside the minor fort. Earlier, there was a staircase by the side of the inner gate which led to an elevated platform from where the king held a darbar or court. There is a beautiful well with steps to the left of the inner gate which is in a comparatively better stage of preservation. The well, apparently used by women in the family has changing rooms at different levels. “Though the style of arches looks like

Khammam Fort

Khammam Fort is located in the city of Khammam, Telangana, India.  The fort is believed to have been built by the Kakatiya rulers in 950 AD. It served as an impregnable citadel during various regimes of different dynasties, including the Kakatiyas, Qutb Shahi’s and Asaf Jahis.  The fort was situated in a very vast area in the heart of the City of Khammam. It was notified as a protected monument by the Archaeology Department several decades ago.Despite decades of neglect, the historical edifice, which once flourished with regal opulence, presents its alluring charm due to its architectural splendor. The funds to build this Fort complex were procured by three army men Lakshma Reddy, Ranga Reddy and Velama Reddy of the Kakatiya dynasty. It is believed that gold coins used in construction of this fort were unearthed from their farm near Khammam and Upon receiving the news from these men, the then Kakatiya king ordered them to build a Fort on the Hill in Khammam which is know

Gandhari Fort, Temple & Jatara

Gandhari Fort / Gandhari Khilla (Gandhari Kota) is a hill fort located near Bokkalagutta, in Mandamarri Mandal in Mancherial district, Telangana, India. The Gandhari Fort is believed to have been built by tribal kings who ruled over this region, by taking assistance from Kakatiya rulers, some 1,000 years ago. It houses the ancient temple of Maisamma. Similarly, it contains idols of Kala Bhairava Swamy, Lord Siva, Lord Ganesh and Hanuman, idols carved out of rocks. Archaeological work suggests that construction of the fort was begun early as the Rastrakuta era (prior to 1200 A.D.) and continued until 16th century.

Molangur Fort

Molangur Fort is located in  Mulanguru village (also known as Molangur),  Shankarapatnam Mandal,   Karimnagar district,  Telangana  India is  another invincible bastion belonging to the Kakatiyan era. The Molangur fort was constructed on a hillock by Voragiri Moggaraju, one of the chief officers of Prathapa Rudra of Kakatiya dynasty. It was constructed as a transit halt for Kakatiyas while travelling from Warangal fort to Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar. The Molangur fort is listed as protected site by the Archaeological Department. The fort is constructed on a huge granite hill that made it difficult for anybody to climb it from any side. On the way to the top of the hill, an inscription carved on a boulder mentions that there are two ways to the fort. At the entrance of the fort there is a Dargah of Molang Shah Wali, a muslim saint. It is reported that the original name of the village was Mudugar. It appears to have been renamed as Molangur after the name of the Muslim saint Mol

Nagunur Fort & Temples

Nagnoor Fort (also spelled Nagunur) is in Nagunur Village, Karimnagar Mandal, Karimnagar district, Telangana, India. Nagaruru, Previously it was known as Nagaroor had been one of the chief townships of Sabbinadu, once ruled by local chiefs, who were eventually vanquished by Kakatiya king Rudra in 1170 AD and appointed Gangaraja to administer it. This city was alive with the emergence of Kakatiyas after the reign of Vemulawada Chalukyas, Kalyani Chalukyas for five centuries from 8th-13th centuries and its people as a centre of faith, a religious centre, a political centre, a spiritual centre also as a capital of morality, reaches to its extinction. This great capital turned to ruin which was having about 400 temples and now only three are visible, among these three two are already in ruins and one is about to be ruined, which is situated about 8 km from Karimnagar opposite to the Prathima Institute Of Medical Sciences and close to the Karimnagar Railway Station. The rampa

Chintakindi Mallesham

Chintakindi Mallesham is a recipient of Padma Shri award for the year 2017 under Science and Engineering category for his innovation of Laxmi ASU machine to reduce the time and labour required to weave Pochampalli silk sarees. He received Amazing Indians Award from the hands of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and also got best innovation award. A hand winding process called Asu is required in the traditional ‘Tie & Dye’ Pochampalli silk saree tradition. This involves moving the hand over a space of one meter up and down around semi-circularly arranged pegs 9000 times (yes, 9000 times!) for one sari. For each sari to be completed it takes almost 4 to 5 hours. The machine, which has been named after Mallesham's mother, can make a saree in about one-and-a-half hours as opposed to five hours in the manual process. The mechanised process besides increasing productivity (eight sarees a day) has reduced drudgery and allowed variety in style and design.  Learning early C

Suravaram Pratapa Reddy

Name         :  Suravaram Pratapa Reddy Born        :  May 28, 1896 in Boravelli, Gadwal  Died        :  Aug 25, 1953  Parents    :  Rangamma and Narayanareddy Education   : Graduated from  Nizam College , BA and BL degrees from Presidency College, Madras. Profession : P oet,  Scholar,   Freedom Fighter, Social historian and reformer , Lawyer, Journalist, Founder and Editor of   Golconda Patrika a Telugu-language journal .

Biruduraju Ramaraju

Name : Biruduraju Ramaraju Born : April 16, 1925 Devanoor village, Dharmasagar Mandal Hanumakonda District Died : February 8, 2010 in Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy Education : Graduated from Nizam College, PhD Telugu language and literature and folklore studies in Osmania University, Hyderabad.

Kancherla Gopanna

Name       :  Kancherla Gopanna or  Bhadradri or Bhadrachala Ramadasu Born       : 1 620 AD in  Nelakondapalli, Bhadradri Kothagudem district, Telangana, India. Parents    : Linganna Mantri and Kadamba Profession : Poet,  Tahsildar for Palvancha for king Abdul Hasan Tana Shah of Qutub Shahi Dynasty at Golconda. Books      :  Ramadaasu Keertanalu, Dasarathi Shatakamu Guru       : Raghunatha Bhattacharya

Durajpalli Peddagattu Jatara

Peddagattu Jatara also called as Gollagattu Jatara iis a is the festival done in the name of Lord Lingamanthulu Swamy and Goddess Choudamma every 2 years n Durajpalli, Chivemla Mandal, Suryapet District, Telangana, India. It is celebrated prior to Maha Shivaratri in Magma masam the second biggest congregation of people after Medaram jatara in Jayashankar Bhupalpally. Atleast 25 lakh people are expected to take part in this event. The presiding deities, Sri Lingamanthula Swamy, believed an in carnation of Lord Shiva, and his sister – Choudamma, are offered various pujas during the five-day fete. Though primarily the Yadava community takes part in huge numbers, people from all castes and religions from across Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Odisha, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu come to the place located just 5-km. from Suryapet. According to history, this religious congregation has been celebrated since 16th century. Even it is still been celeb