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Showing posts from January, 2014

Assaka or Asmaka Janapada

700 BC - 300 BC : Assaka was a region of ancient India came after Megalithic (Iron or Metal Age) . It was one of the shodasa (sixteen) mahajanapadas in the 6th century BCE, mentioned in the Buddhist text Anguttara Nikaya.  "Assaka" (Prakrit) or "Asmaka" (Sanskrit) signifies "stony region" and was located in the Deccan region. In the Vayu Purana (88. 177-178) Asmaka and Mulaka appear as scions of the Ikshvaku family. This probably indicates that the Asmaka and Mulaka (or Alakas) kingdoms were believed to have been founded by Ikshvaku chiefs, just as Vidarbha and Dandaka were founded by princes of the Yadu (Bhoja) family. We learn from the Assaka Jataka (No. 207) that at one time the city of Potali was included in the kingdom of Kasi, and its prince Assaka was presumably a vassal of the Kasi monarch. The country of Assaka or the Asmaka was located in Dakshinapatha or Southern India. In buddha’s time, Assaka was located on the bank of the river Goda

Megalithic (Iron or Metal Age)

2200 BC - 700 BC : Megalithic (Iron or Metal Age) came after Neolithic (New Stone Age) . Iron Age may have come into existence in Telangana much before the rest of the world. At least that's the conclusion reached by archaeologists excavating the University of Hyderabad campus who found iron artifacts dating back to roughly 2,200 BC. The team of archaeologists, led by professor KP Rao, has found several artefacts, including small knives and blades besides earthen pots. "The implements that were found were tested at the National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) using a method called Optically Simulated Luminescence (OSL). The metal objects were dated to anywhere between 1800 BC and 2,400 BC. So we are assuming they were made during 2200 BC," Prof KP Rao told TOI. A megalith is a large, often undressed stone, that has been used in the construction of various types of Neolithic, Chalcolithic or Bronze Age monuments, during the period 4500-1000 BCE. Also known as petrof

Neolithic (New Stone Age)

25,000 BC - 2200 BC: Neolithic or New Stone Age began after Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) when humans invented agriculture. Neolithic people learned how to farm and domesticate animals and are not nomadic. Domesticate means to to train a wild animal to be useful to humans. A lot of Neolithic people began to live in the fertile crescent. The fertile crescent was a place where the land was fertile (good for growing plants). Trade began during Neolithic Era. Trade is buying and selling/exchanging goods. Rock paintings found in Telangana reveal the love humans had for art and nature as long ago as 10,000 BCE. These paintings also reveal that a plethora of wild animals existed across the length and breadth of the state once upon a time.An interesting rock painting is that of a giraffe at Pandavulagutta in Warangal, as in the present world giraffes are found only in Africa. One can get a glimpse into the prehistoric man’s mind by looking at rock art which exists on walls and ceilings of cave

Paleolithic (Old Stone Age)

Telangana History 3,00,000 BC - 50,000 BC : The Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age) began when hominins first made tools. These tools were used to make there lives easier. 50,000 BC - 25,000 BC : Mesolithic Age (Middle Stone Age) Hominins, comprises all members of the human clade after the split from the chimpanzees. Humans living during this period were hunter-gatherers living in small groups. This means they moved around hunting animals and gathering plants to eat. Paleolithic people lived in temporary shelters like tents or caves because they were nomads. A nomad is a person who does not have a permanent home and moves around a lot. Prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered (Grahame Clark's Modes I and II), and covers roughly 95% of human technological prehistory. It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools, probably by hominins such as australopithecines, 2.6 million years ago, to the end of the Pleis

Satavahana Dynasty

Circa 232 BC - 220 AD: Satavahana Dynasty and Pre-Satavahana Rulers came after Mauryan Empire The various Puranas give different lists of the Satavahana rulers. The Matsya Purana states that 30 Andhra kings ruled for 460 years, but some of its manuscripts name only 19 kings whose reigns add up to 448.5 years. The Vayu Purana also mentions that there were 30 Andhra kings, but its various manuscripts name only 17, 18, and 19 kings respectively; the reigns add up to 272.5, 300, and 411 years respectively. Excavations in kotilingala found punch marked coins of Pre Satavahana rulers Gobhada, Siri Kamvaya, Vayasiri and Samagopa As a coin with the name ‘Simukha’ was found along with the coins of gobhadra and Samagopa, it is concluded that Simukha conquered their kingdom. That is why the upper layers at Kotilingala revealed the coins of Satavahanas. Satavahanas were also called Salivahanas and Satakarnis. The coins issued by the Satavahana kings Simuka, Siri Satavahana, Satakani I, Satasiri,

Mudigonda Chalukyas

c.850 AD - 1200 AD Founder : Ranamarda Capital : Mudigonda The Mudigonda Chalukyas were based east of the Kakatiya territories. They hailed from the village of Mudigonda (located near modern Khammam), and ruled most of modern-day Khammam district and east area of Warangal between the 8th and 12th centuries. They were originally subordinates of the Chalukyas of Vengi, but later passed under the suzerainty of the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani. From c.1000 onwards, Bottu Beta and his successors ruled as subordinates of the Kakatiyas. The history of family is known to us from the Mogilicheruvula grant of Kusumayudha IV, Kukunuru plates (krivvaka grant) of Kusumaditya and Nattaramesvaram records. Their kingdom bordered the kingdoms of Vengi and Malkhed. Gonagudu I Kokkiraja, Son Ruled from Capital Mudigonda. Kokkiraja was a valorous king who ruled the kingdom with the help of his brother Ranamarda. c.850 AD - 870 AD : Ranamarda, Brother He must have served the Eastern Chalukyas first and was

Vemulawada Chalukyas

c.753 AD - 973 AD : This dynasty was a branch of the Chalukyas of Badami ruled Telanagan region as Rashtrakuta Vassals came to power defeating  Badami Chalukyas Founder : Vinayaditya Yudhamalla I Capitals : Bodhan (Nizamabad / Podananadu region) Gangadhara, Vemulawada (Karimnagar / Sabbinadu region). One peculiarity with this family is that it traced its descent from the Sun, while many other Chaiukya families considered themselvet as of lunar descent. Tradition associates Vemulawada with poet Bhima Kavi but the famous kannada poet Pampa lived here as the court poet of Arikesari II and dedicated his famous work Bharata or Vikramarjuna Vijaya to him. Vemulawada Chalukyas history is defined by 3 inscriptions, Kollpara copper plates of Arikesari I, Vemulavada rock inscription of Arikesari II and the Parbhan copper plates of Arikesari III. According to the kollipara inscription of Arikesari-I Satyasraya Ranavikrama was the founder of vemulawada chalukya dynasty c.641 - c.660 AD

Vemulawada Temple

The presiding deity Sri Raja Rajeswara Swamy is also called as Rajanna of Vemulawada is in the form of Neela Lohitha Siva Lingam is known for his boundless benevolence in fulfilling the wishes of the devotees. The shrine is located at the center of the town a top a small hill. The temple has a gateway leading up the hill and a typical south Indian style gopuram marks the entrance to the shrine. The temple attracts maximum devotees during Shivratri and during Kartik Month (November – December) in Telugu Calendar. It is believed that if one pulls a bull around the temple one’s wishes will be fulfilled. Vemulavada is about 180 kms from Hyderabad and 35 kms from Karimanagar. It is believed that the architecturally beautiful shrine was built between 9th and 10th century by Vemulawada Chalukyas. The Rajeswara temple is obviously so named, either because it was built by Rajaditya which was the Biruda of Narasimha I, of the Chalukyas of Vemulavada, who was the grandson of Vinay

Hyderabad History

Hyderabad the capital of Telangana, founded in the year 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, the fifth sultan of Qutb Shahi dynasty, offers a fascinating panorama of the past, with richly mixed cultural and historical tradition spanning over 400 years. It is one of the fastest growing cities of India and has emerged as a strong industrial, commercial, technology center, gives a picture of glimpses of past splenders and the legacy of its old history. 300 BC - 185 BC  :  Mauryan Empire Archaeologists excavating near the city have unearthed Iron Age sites that can be dated to 500 BCE.The area around Hyderabad was ruled by the Mauryan Empire in the third century B.C during the reign of Ashoka the Great.  230 BC  – 220 AD  : Satavahanas  ( Were vassals of Mauryan Empire)​ After the death of Ashoka (232 BCE), as the Maurya Empire began to weaken and decline, the Sātavāhanas who started out as feudatories to the Mauryan dynasty, declared independence and established their empire in this region.