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Showing posts from February, 2014

Vishnukundins Dynasty

380 AD - 611 AD : Vishnukundins started as vassals to Vakatakas and became independent Kings. Founder : Indravarma (380 AD - 394 AD)  Capitals : Amrabad in Mahaboonagar Indrapala, Bhuvanagiri in Nalgonda Keesaragutta in Rangareddy Eluru, Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh  Languages : Telugu, Sanskrit  Religion : Hinduism (Vaisnavism)  Ruled most of the Telangana region Rangareddy, Medak, Khammam, Karimnagar, Warangal, Nalgonda, Mahabubnagar Like many other dynasties that rose to imperial power during 4th to 8th Century AD, the origins of Vishnukundina Dynasty are also shrouded with mystery. Vishnukundina dynasty defeated palavas and occupied karma kingdom. All the inscriptions were written in sanskrit. Tummallagudem inscriptions have become the chief sources to reconstruct the dynasty. Adminstration  Rashtras and Vishayas were the provincial divisions for administrative convenience. Each one was headed by Viceroys chosen from the Royal family. Elephants, horses, Chariots, cavalry and

Western Vakataka Dynasty

c.340 - c.500 A.D : The Vakataka Empire (c.250 - c.500 AD) was a royal Indian dynasty that originated from the Deccan in the mid-3rd century CE after Satavahanas  and Telangana region after Abhiras  by Sarvasena of Vastagulma or Western Vakatakas. Founder Vatsagulma branch – This branch was founded by Sarvasena, the second son of Pravarasena I after his death. King Sarvasena made Vatsagulma, the present day Washim in Washim district of Maharashtra his capital. Languages : Sanskrit and Prakrit Their state is believed to have extended from the southern edges of Malwa and Gujarat in the north to the Tungabhadra River in the south as well as from the Arabian Sea in the west to the edges of Chhattisgarh in the east. Little is known about Vindhyashakti (c. 250–270 CE), the founder of the family. Territorial expansion began in the reign of his son Pravarasena I (270 - 330). It is generally believed that the Vakataka dynasty was divided into four branches after Pravarasena I. Two branches are

Polavasa Chiefs

Polavasa / Polasa chiefs / Nengonda Dynasty   (1075 AD -1160 AD) are the descendants of Rashtrakutas and  were based immediately north of the Kakatiya territories.  Polavasa was a capital under the rule of Medaraja (1080–1110). They ruled from  their capital at Polavasa (modern day  Jagtial)  of  Karimnagar district  to Narsampet of Warangal district from their capital at Polavasa. Polavasa kings would have maintained the confederation, as three brothers Medararaju,Edaraju and Gundaraja  (1116- 1138)  was ruling from different places and bearing the same title. This may be because of their Rastrakuta descent.   The Polavasa chiefs were subordinates of the Western Chalukyas, but revolted against their overlords during the early 12th century. However, they were eventually subdued by  Chalukya  King Jagadekamalla II, with the support of  Beta II (1076 - 1108)  for which he was awarded Sabbi-1000 region ( modern-day Karimnagar district). Prola defeated Gundaraja, ruler of Mantr

Kandur Cholas

Kandur Cholas (1080 AD - 1260 AD) ruled parts of Mahabubnagar (Jadcharla and Acchampet taluks) and Nalgonda (Nalgonda and Miryalguda taluks) districts with Kanduru, Panugallu and Vardhamanpura as their capitals. These kings are described that they were belongs to Karikala chola family. The region of Kandurunadu located south of the Kakatiya territory formed the yuvaraja-vritti or kumara-vritti (royal appanage) of Kumara Tailapa, the younger brother of the Chalukya king Somesvara III. It appears that Kumara Tailapa was active in the region even during the reign of his father, King Vikramaditya, as Tailapa's earliest inscriptions in Kandurunadu date to 1110 C.E. In addition to Kandurunadu, Kumara Tailapa also held the province of Sindavadi, with its capital at Tumbalam (near Adoni). It seems that Tailapa distributed the governorship of Kandurunadu between two brothers of the Choda family, Bhima III (who held Kanduru) and Gokarna I (who held Panugallu). Prince Tailapa eventually sough