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Showing posts from March, 2015

Saka (Indian Calendar)

The Saka era, is used with Hindu calendars, the Indian national calendar, and the Cambodian Buddhist calendar.  It came into usage from March 22, 1957 according to the Gregorian calendar which was actually Saka Era, Chaitra 1, 1879 according to the Saka Samvat.  The zero year of Saka era (also Shalivahana era, Sakabda) began in 78 A.D. The Christian year 78 A.D. has been accepted by most historians as the year of the foundation of the Saka Era. For centuries thereafter and till now, this era has continued to dominate the Indian reckoning of the years and time. Western Kshatrapas (35–405 BC) were Saka rulers of the western part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Southern Sindh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan). They were successors to the Indo-Scythians who invaded the area of Ujjain and established the Saka era (with Saka calendar), marking the beginning of the long-lived Saka Western Satraps kingdom. The Satavahana king Shalivahana (the king titled as Shalivahana is Gautamiputra S