Satavahana Dynasty

c. 232 BC - c. 208 AD: Satavahana Dynasty and Pre-Satavahana Rulers came after Mauryan Empire

The various Puranas give different lists of the Satavahana rulers. The Matsya Purana states that 30 Andhra kings ruled for 460 years, but some of its manuscripts name only 19 kings whose reigns add up to 448.5 years.

The Vayu Purana also mentions that there were 30 Andhra kings, but its various manuscripts name only 17, 18, and 19 kings respectively; the reigns add up to 272.5, 300, and 411 years respectively.

Excavations in kotilingala found punch marked coins of Pre Satavahana rulers Gobhada, Siri Kamvaya, Vayasiri and Samagopa

Satavahanas were also called Salivahanas and Satakarnis. The coins issued by the Satavahana kings Simuka, Siri Satavahana, Satakani I, Satasiri, Satakani II, Vasittiputta Pulumayi, Vasittiputta Satakani and their governors were discovered in Kotilingala. These discoveries testify the fact that Telangana was the nucleus of Satavahana Empire.Though Satavahanas conquered the above kingdom, they left the kingdom of Maharathi dynasty at Nalgonda and Mahabubnagar districts region alone.

Maharathis, Mahabhojas, Mahasenapatis stood high in the social order, only next below the king. Rajamatyas (royal ministers), Amatyas (officers), Mahamatras (ministers), Bhandagarikas (treasury officers) must have ranked next below them.

Thanks to the numerous donative records, we get a fairly good glimpse into the different cross-sections of the trading community-Traders in corn (dhanikas), perfumes (gandhikas), and jewels (manikaras) are frequently referred to. Garland-makers (malakaras), iron-smiths (lohavanijakas) or (kammaras), goldsmiths, (suvarna-karas), braziers (kasakaras), stone-cutters (Silavanijakas) artisans (avesanis), carpenters (vadhikas), weavers (kolikas), potters (kularikas), hydraulic workers (odayantrikas) and oil-mongers (tilapisakas)

Among the Smrtis the present Manusmrti was probably composed in c. 200 B.C. and Yajnavalkya-smrti in c. 200 A.D. The Carakasamhita and the Susrutasamhita assumed their present form in c. 200 A.D.

Maharathi Dynasty
Ruled regions of Khammam, Nalgonda and Mahabunagar. Declared independence after fall of Mauryan empire.When studies were conducted on the rulers of Nelakondapally, Khammam district, and some regions of Karnataka, the name of a dynasty called ‘Maharathi’ was revealed. Ashoka’s stone inscriptions called them as ‘Rathikas’. Historians opined that they were kings of subordinate kingdoms at different regions during the Mauryan rule. They declared independence after the fall of Mauryan empire in Telangana and Karnataka regions. They ruled some regions of Telangana and Karnataka until 100-150 A.D.
It is said that Simukha married a woman of Maharathi dynasty; and also his daughter-in-law was a Maharathi princess. That might be the reason for him to not to conquer their kingdom

Prakrit was the official language of communication used by the Satavahana Kings.
Literature like Gathasaptashati, painting like Ajanta flourished during the Satavahana rule.
The Satavahanas patronized Hinduism. They formed a cultural link and played a very important part in trade and the transfer of ideas and culture.

To establish their rule, they had to compete with the Sungas and after that the Kanvas of Magadha. Later, protected a huge part of India against foreign attackers like the Pahlavas, Yavanas and Sakas. The rulers of the Satavahana Dynasty, Sri Yajna Satakarni and Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated the overseas invaders such as the Western Kshatrapas and stopped their expansion. The Empire was split into smaller states in the 3rd century CE.

The Satavahanas ruled a powerful and large empire which withstood the attacks from Central Asia. Apart from their military power, their naval activity and commercialism helped them to establish Indian colonies in Southeast Asia.

Satavhana coins found in Kondapur, Hyderabad in Telangana and Aurnagabad, Akola in Maharashtra

c. 232 BC - 214 BC : Vasisthiputra Sri Chimuka Satavahana
As a coin with the name ‘Simukha’ was found along with the coins of gobhadra and Samagopa, it is concluded that Simukha conquered their kingdom. That is why the upper layers at Kotilingala revealed the coins of Satavahanas.

Copper and Potin coins found in current Kapparaopet village located in Velgatur Mandal of Jagitial District in Telangana .

A Satavahana inscription found on a slab of the upper drum (medhi) of the Kanaganahalli mahastupa mentions year 16 of Vasisthiputra Sri Chimuka Satavahana's reign, which can be dated from ca. 110 BCE

Simuka appears to have been a very shrewd politician. He realised that to overthrow the Kanvas was a difficult task and hence entered into an alliance with maharathi Tranakayira whose daughter was married to his son Satakarni. Tranakayira was a Naga, possibly, a vassal under the last Kanva ruler.

The several servants combined together to overthrow the Kanva regime and the powerful among them ultimately won the crown. He is named as Balipuccha in some texts

The Puranas suggest that the last king of the Kanva dynasty was killed by Balipuccha, who founded the Andhra dynasty, but there is a lack of numismatical and archaeological evidence to support this.

c. 214 BC - c. 196 BC : Krsna or Krishna
Krishna Brother of SimukaInscription of king Kanha in cave No.19, Nasik Caves.Inscription of Sramaņa, mahāmata (mahamätra) in the reign of “King Krsna of the Sātavāhana family" (sādavāhanakule kanhe rajini samanena mahāmāteņa lena karita.

c. 196 BC - 174 BC : Sri Satakarni or Satakarni I
Satakarni I son of Simuka
Coins found in Hyderabad.Naneghat inscription. in the reign of Satakarni I
Sanchi inscription of the time of Satakarni. Records the donation of the south gate (torana) at Sanchi by Vasisthiputra Ananda, the foreman of artists for King Sri Satakami (raño sirisätakanisa avesanisa väsithiputasa anamdasa danam).
The Naneghat inscription describes the achievements of the ruler Satakarni - I. Devi Naganika was the widow of one of the greatest kings of the early Satavahana king, Satakarni-I.
Naneghat statue-gallery label inscriptions. Reading: rāya simuka sātavāhano sirimato, devi-nāyanikaya raño ca siri-sátakanino, kumāro bhāya ..., mahārathi tranakayiro, kumāro hakusiri, kumāro sātavāhano. Ca.

Contemporary of Kharavela :
The inscription describes that in the second year of his reign he set his powerful mission against king Satakarani of Satavahana dynasty and terrorized the city of Musika or Asika nagara. (Musikanagara is somewhere on the river Musi in current hyderabad, Telangana)
In the fourth year of his reign Kharavela led the army against Rathikas and Bhojakas, who were also known as the Maharathis and Mahabhojas; were undoubtedly two great forces of Deccan.

The Hathigumpha inscription of the Kalinga king Kharavela mentions that fearing him, a Yavana (Greek) king or general retreated to Mathura with his demoralized army. The name of the Yavana king is not clear, but it contains three letters, and the middle letter can be read as ma or mi.

174 BC : When historians highlight the fact of divided India in many forms, it seems they did not much appreciate a great war that happened around 174 BC. The war where Indian kings came together, not to expand their empires but to fight the foreign invaders. This famous battle was won by three great kings – Satakarni of Andhra, Pushya Mitra of Magadha (c. 185 – c. 149 BCE) and Kharavela of Kalinga (193 BCE–170 BCE) against Demetrius of Roman empire. The soul and strategist of this war is Maharishi Patanjali. This visionary realised that wealth of India will attract the foreign invaders, the need to create a stronger one-India and master minded the unity of Indian kings.
188 BC : Fifth regnal year, Kharavela (193 BCE–170 BCE) brought to his capital from the road of Tanasuliya the canal which had been excavated by the Nanda King (c. 345 BCE–c. 322 BCE) 103 years before i.e 301 BC.

Yavana era actually started in 174 BCE, based on a reevaluation of the Azes era which is now thought to have started in 47/46 BCE

The Yavanarajya inscription, carved on a block of red sandstone, is dated to the 1st century BCE, and is currently located at the Mathura Museum in Mathura. The inscription is important in that the Mathura sculptors mention the date of their dedication as "The last day of year 116 of Yavana hegemony (Yavanarajya)". It is considered that this inscription is attesting the control of the Indo-Greeks in the 2nd and 1st centuries BCE in Mathura, a fact that is also confirmed by numismatic and literary evidence.The new dates for the Yavana era (174 BCE) would give a date of 58 BCE for the Yavanarajya inscription, as 174 minus 116 equals 58

Kanishka's era began in 127 AD, used as a calendar reference by the Kushans for about a century, until the decline of the Kushan realm.

c. 174 BC - 156 BC : Vedi Sri or Purnotsanga
As per inscriptions, his son Vedi Sri succeeded Satakarni and his mother Naganika daughter of Maharathi Tranakayira of Angiya family and Naga race acted as regent in his early years.
Younger brother Sakti SriNaneghat inscriptions no doubt refer to Kumara Satavahana as one of the sons of Satakarni, but he does not figure in the Puranic’ list. It is not unlikely that Kumara Satavahana of the Naneghat inscriptions survived his elder brother, who died in his minority, and ascended the throne with the biruda of Purnotsanga, which alone is preserved by the Puranas. The time of this ruler was c. 174 B.C., when inscribed coins had begun to be issued in Mathura, Paricala and Kausambi.

c. 156 BC - 138 BC : Skandhastambhi

c. 138 BC - 82 BC : Sri Satakarni or Satakarni II
Satakarni II conquered eastern Malwa from the Shungas, following the conquest of western Malwa by early Satavahana kings. This allowed him access to the Buddhist site of Sanchi, in which he is credited with the building of the decorated gateways around the original Mauryan Empire and Sunga stupas

Chandankheda seal of Satakarni, year 30.

c. 82 BC - 64 BC : Lambodara
After Satakarni-II, Satavahana Kings seemed to have left Kotalingala, Dhulikatta and Peddabunkur, but appeared to have stayed at Kondapur.

c. 64 BC - 52 BC : Apilaka
In 1937, coin was found at Balpur on the bank of Mahananadi in Chattigadh.

c. 52 BC - 34 BC : Meghasvati 
His successor Meghasvati is known from a single coin with the fragmentary legend ghasada

c. 34 BC - 22 BC : Svati
28 BC : After the defeat at the hands of Satavahanas and the fall of the Kanva dynasty, the Magadha empire came to an end.

c. 22 BC - 15 BC : Skandasvati
c. 15 BC - 18 BC : Mrigendra Satakarni
c. 18 BC - 10 BC : Kuntala Satakarni
Vatsyayana mentions how Satakarni of Kuntala killed his queen Malayaevati with an instrument called kartari by striking her in the passion of love and vatsyayana quotes this case to warn people of the danger arising from some old customs of striking women when under influence of passion.

c. 10 BC - 11 BC : Svatikarna or Satakarni III

c. 11 BC - 13 AD : Pulumavi I
c. 13 AD - 38 AD - Gaura Krishna or Arishta Satakarni
Puloma’s successor was Aristakarna, and he had also a long reign of 25 years. It was towards the end of his reign that Bhumaka, the Saka Ksatrapa, succeeded in establishing his rule in Gujarat and Kathiavad.

c. 38 AD - 42 AD : Hala
Hala was probably a king in the Kuntala Janapada, southwest region of former Hyderabad state. A number of Puranas mention his name as the Andhra king in the list of thirty. According to the list, he was the seventeenth Satavahana ruler and ruled for five years sometimes in the first century CE. Other well-known literary references to Hala appear in the Harshacarita of Banabhatta [c.620 CE] and in the Kuvalayamal of Uddyotana [ c.779 CE] The Deccan region appears to be the genesis zone of the Gatha. The geography of the poets and the poetry can be gauged from references to the rivers such as Godavari, Tapti and Murala (in Kerala) and, also Karanja tree of the Western Ghats. Among all the rivers mentioned, Godavari is the most frequently referred river. Godavari river bank emerges as a well frequented spot by the lovers. The Vindhyanchal hill range has also been mentioned in at least six of the verses.

Famous author of Gatha Sapthasati. Hala patronises literature and the arts, and the Prakrit work, Saptasati, is ascribed to him.
Gunadhya, the author of Brihat Katha, is his contemporary. As he is a patron of poets, he is known by the title 'Kavivatsala'.
He marries a Ceylonese princess on the banks of the River Sapta-Godavari-Bhima.

c. 42 AD - c. 47 AD : Mandalaka aka Puttalaka
c. 45 A.D. Bhumaka invaded Malva. unable to oppose Bhumaka and the Satavahanas appear to have lost Malva towards the end of his reign (c. 47 A.D.)

c. 47 AD - c. 52 AD : Purindrasena
c. 52 AD - c. 53 AD : Sundara Satakarni
Sandane's who occupied Kalliena
c. 53 AD - c. 54 AD : Chakora Satakarni
c. 54 AD - c. 78 AD : Shivasvati
Gauthami Balasri probably was his queen. she is described as mama devi in Nasik inscription.

c. 78 - c. 102 AD : Gautamiputra Satkarni
Svatis son and successor Gautamiputra Satakarni was a great military commander. In the first fifteen or sixteen years of his reign he consolidated his rule and increased his military power.
The inscriptions of Gautamiputra Satakarni indicate that his empire was divided into units known as āhāras. Each āharā was governed by an amātya or amaca. Three types of settlements are named in the inscriptions: nagara (city), nigama(town) and gama (village).

174 BC : Yavana Era
58 BC : Vikram Era
78 AD : Saka Era
127 AD : Kanishka Era
c. 84 BC - 47 BC : Maues
47 BC : Azes Era

1 BC - 31 AD  : Vijayamitra
27 AD : It is dated in year 27 of the reign of King Vijayamitra, King of the Apraca, 73rd year of Azes, and 201st year of the Yona (or Greek) era, which places the latter era as beginning in 174 BC (probably founded by Demetrios I) and the reign of Vijayamitra from ca. 12 BCE to 15+ CE.
The latest known dated inscription of Vijayamitra (Sadakata) gives his regnal year as 32, i.e., ca. 19 CE.

c. 31 AD : Bhumaka
c. 50 AD : Nahapana

An ivory statuette carved by an Indian craftsman was found in the remains of a moderately sized Roman townhouse in Pompeii buried by volcanic ash in the Vesuvius eruption of AD 79. The statuette depicts a semi-naked Indian female standing with her arms raised and two tiny acolytes by her side. A hole drilled down through the centre of the object suggests that it was once part of a larger piece, perhaps the handle of a mirror, or the leg of a small decorative table or stool. Perhaps the figure was brought back as a souvenir from India, or maybe some citizen of Pompeii purchased this object as an attractive piece of exotic art.

c. 96 AD : Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana ( c.50 - 96) restored the status of his dynasty by recapturing a large part of the former dominions of the Satavahanas. He first invaded Vidharbha and then he marched against Nahapana. He defeated him in a fierce battle fought in the vicinity of Govardhana near Nasik. The battle of Govardhana was fought just before the second fort night of the the rainy season in the eighteenth regnal year. Last known date of Nahapana is the year 46

The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea mentions one Nambanus as the ruler of the area around . This person has been identified as Nahapana by modern scholars. One historical analysis, published by Schoff in 1912, narrowed the date of the text to AD 59–62.
Destroyer of Sakas (Western Kshatrapas), Yavanas (Indo-Greeks) and Pahlavas (Indo-Parthians)" in his inscriptions.

In the Nashik inscription dated to his 18th regnal year, he is described as the "Lord of Benakataka".
Regranting of a village once owned by Ushavadata, a son-in-law of the Western Satraps ruler Nahapana to the monks at Triraśmi (Pāņdulena).

Karle inscription of Gautamiputra Sri Sätakami (?), year 18 (?). Grant of the village Karajaka to the Mahāsamghika monks at Valūraka .

Nasik inscription of Gautamiputra Sri Satakarni, year 24. Instead of the village granted in (9), which did not generate any income, the monks at Tiranhu (Pandulena) are granted a new piece of land. Issued jointly with Gautamiputra Satakarni's mother, Gautami Balasri.

Gautamiputra was the first Satavahana ruler to issue the portrait-type coins.
He was succeeded by his son, Vashishtiputra Pulumavi.

c. 102 - c. 138 AD : Vasisthiputra Pulumavi or Pulumavi II
Maharathi : Vasisthiputra Somadeva son of Maharathi Kasuikaputra Mitradeva
Mahasenapathi : Medhuna
Pujlumavi is a contemporary of Chasten (78-130 CE)
Sannati inscription of the time of Vasişthīputra Sivasri Pulumāvi.
Banavāsi inscription of Vasisthiputra Sivasri Pulumävi This is a memorial stone (chaa-pattharo) to the chief queen of Vasişthiputra Sivasri Puļumāvi (raño vasithiputasa sivasiri-pulumävisa mahadeviya)

Nasik inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi, year 2. Records a private donation. Note the title raño vāsithiputasa sāmisiripulumaisa.

Karle inscription of the time of Vāsişthiputra Sri Puumavi (?), year 5. Records a private donation. Ca. 88 CE.

Nasik inscription of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi, year 6.

Myākadoni inscription of (Vasisthiputra) Sri Puumavi, year 6. Excavation of a tank by Samba in a locale called sätavāhanihāra. Note that the king is called rano sātavāhananam (si) ripulum.

Karle inscription of the time of Vasişthiputra Sri Pulumavi, year 7. Records the donation of a village to the monks at Valūraka (Kärle) by Mahāratthi Väsişthiputra Somadeva, son of Mahārathi Kausikiputra Mitradeva.

Nasik inscription of Väsisthiputra Sri Pulumävi, year 19 = Gautami Balasri's praśasti of Gautamiputra Sri Satakarņi.

Nasik inscription of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi, years 19 and 22. Grant of another village for the upkeep of the Queen's Cave, in place of the village mentioned in (18).

Karle inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi, year 24.. Private donation; the donors have Iranian names (Harapharana and Setapharana).

Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Vāsişthiputra Sri Puļumāvi, year 35. Records a private donation.

Dharanikota inscription of the time of (Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi], [year 35).
Väsana inscription of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumāvi.

Amaravati inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi. Private donation. The king is referred to with the Saka title svāmi (ra[ño] vā[ sithi]puta [sa] [sä]mi-siri-pulumävisa). This is among the earliest of the Sātavāhana inscriptions from coastal Andhra.

According to Ptolemy (85-165 CE) , Chashtana (78-130 CE) directly ruled Ujjain, while Paithan (Pratisthana) continued to be ruled by Siroptolemaios or Siropolemaios (identified with Sri Pulumayi, son of Gautamiputra Satakarni)

Sannati prasasti of Gautamiputra Sri Satakarni. Probably earlier than the Nāsik prasasti reading: [s]iri sátakanisa samuditabalavahanasa abhagavahanasa sätavahanasa benäkata-vidabha-uparigiräparanta-asaka-müdakasa jayavi-cakora-vala-rathadakhina (path ... su]súsakasa pitu-satu-vera-niyatakasa aneka-sam)gamavijita-vijayasa khakharata-kula-ghātakasa aneka-rāja-mathaka-patigahitasa padana-säsanasa ekakusasa eka-dhanudha[ dharasa]. "KI restores the metro nymic of the king as väsethi, although I would expect gotami. Sannati prasasti [of Gautamiputra Sri Sätakarni).. This inscription is in Sanskrit and in the vasantatilaka meter. Probably belongs with the preceding inscription (11).

Meritorious gift of the upper most slab (agatuko-pata) and its line by the nun Dharmasri of the Kotujila family on the l0th day of 2nd fortnight of summer in the 35th (regnal) year of king Vasisthiputra Sri Pulumavi along with her parents, all the preceptors, group of elders and ascetics for the well being and happiness of all creatures.

The other rulers whose bust type silver coins have been found are Vasishthiputra Sivasri Pulumavi , Vasishthiputra Satakarni, Vasishthiputra Vijaya Satakarni, Vasishthiputra Skanda Satakarni and Yajnasri Satakarni.

c. 138 AD - c. 152 A.D : Vasisthiputra Satakarni or Sivasri Satakarni
Wife : SatarekaThe fragment of stone discovered in Phanigiri where only three lines can be seen, records the reign of Sivasri Satakarni, the 25th ruler of the Satavahana dynasty, and also describes him as the son of Vasishthiputra Pulumavi.

In spite of the heavy losses suffered in later years due to Rudradaman’s conquest, the Satavahanas somehow managed to retain their control over their primary stronghold in Nasik and western Deccan
Coins found in Krishna and Godavari districts of Rano Vasisthiputra Siva Siri Satakanisa

Kanaganahalli label inscriptions. The historical kings mentioned are Asoka (räyä asoko); Chimuka Sātavahana (raja siri chimuka sådavähano); Sātakami (raya sätakansi mahāce) - (t)[i]yasa r(u)pāmayāni payumāni on(o)yeti “King Satakami donates silver lotus flowers to the Great Caitya"); Mantalaka (raya matalako); Sundara Satakami (rāyā sudara sätakani:); Puļumāvi (rāya pulumāvi ajayatasa ujeni deti). These are all inscribed on the upper drum (medhi), which was first encased during the reign of Chimuka Satavahana (see [1]) and renovated during the reign of Väsişthiputra Sri Satakarņi.
Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sri Satakarni, year 6.. Records a donation by a caravan trader.
Sannati inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sri Satakami.
Känheri inscription of Vāsisthiputra Sri Sätakarni. This is one of the only Sanskrit inscriptions of the Sātavāhanas , and records the donation of a cistern by a minister of the queen of Vāsişthiputra Sri Satakarņi, who is also the daughter of the Mahäkşatrapa Ru (dradāman). Since Rudradāman bears the title Mahäkșatrapa, this must date to after (when Rudradāman still had the lower title Kșatrapa).

Satakarni, married the daughter of Kardamaka Rudradaman I (130 - 150 AD) of the Western Satraps dynasty. Rudradaman maintained matrimonial relationships with Sātavāhanas and conceded the country of Aparanta to Satakarni, his son-in-law as dowry.

In spite of the matrimonial link, at least two wars took place between them wherein he defeated Sātavāhanas but spared the life of Satakarni, essentially because of their relationship.

In spite of the heavy losses suffered in later years due to Rudradaman’s conquest, the Satavahanas somehow managed to retain their control over their primary stronghold in Nasik and western Deccan (two inscriptions of Vasishthiputra Satakarni from Nasik and Naneghat in his year 13 have been found).

c. 145 A.D - 152 A.D : Sivaskanda Satakarni 
As a consequence of his victories, Rudradaman recaptured all the former territories previously controlled by Nahapana. Satavahanas were restricted to their original base in the Deccan and around Amaravati. 

c.150 AD : The Junagadh rock inscription of Rudradaman which was also known as the Girnar Rock inscription is basically prose inscribed on a rock located near Girnar hill near Junagadh, Gujarat. In the inscription, he had mentioned about the defeat of Satakarni, lord of Dakshinapatha. The inscription is dated shortly after 150 CE

c.152 - 181 AD : Yajnasri or Yajna Satakarni
Mahasenapathi : Bhavagopa and his wife is Vasu
Yajna Sri Satakarni, the last great king of this dynasty, recaptured their southern regions in western and central India. The Satavahanas regained some prosperity during the reign of Sri Yajna Satakarni but around the middle of the 3rd century, the dynasty ended.

Nasik inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyaj na Satakarni, year 7. Donation of a cave begun by a monk Bopaki and completed by the Mahāsenapatini Vāsu.
Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Satakarni, year 10-19
Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Satakarni, year 11.
Känheri inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Satakarni, year 16.. Donation and endow ment of a cave by a merchant layman.

179 AD : Chinaganjam inscription of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Satakarni, year 27, vasasataya . The king is called rano gotamiputasa araka-siri-yana-sātakanisa, perhaps employing the Tamil aracan as the equivalent of Sanskrit

Amaravati inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Satakarni. This is one of the very few Sanskrit inscriptions from within the Satavahana empire.
Kanheri inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Sriyajña Sätakarni. Donation of a cave. Uses the title sāmi-siri-yana.

c. 181 - 187 AD : Gautamiputra Vijaya Satakarni
Chebrolu inscription in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh of Satavahana king Vijaya issued in his 5th regnal year is also the earliest datable Sanskrit inscription from South India so far.

Nagarjunakonda inscription of the time of Gautamiputra Srivijaya Sätakami, year 6. This is one of the earliest instances of writing double consonants (sätakannisa).

c. 187 - 198 AD : Chandra Sri Satakarni or Chandasvati
Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Vāsişthiputra Canda Satakami, year 11.
Kodavali inscription of the time of Vasisthiputra Sricanda Sväti, year 11 Donation of a minister. The reading of the inscription is very doubtful.

The coins of Chandasri are found in the Krishna and Godavari districts.

Contemporary of Western Kshatrapa ruler Rudrasimha I (178 to 197).

c. 198 - 208 AD : Mathariputra Sri Pulumavi
Mahasenapathi : Skandanaga
Around 203 AD Abhiras captured parts of Western Deccan.
Kanaganahalli inscription of the time of Māthariputra Sri Puļumāvi, year 10.

Contemporary of Saka King Rudrasena I 200–222 CE

Around 208 AD : Vashishthiputra Sri Santamula (Santamula I) founder of Ikshvakus and the general of Satavahanas declared his independence from Satavahanas.

Inscription of King Sivamaka Sada in Amaravati.

Vassals of Satavahanas who replaced them
Mahisha or Chutus of Banavasi
Ikshvakus to the east
Abhiras to the west
Pallavas of Kanchipuram.

Western Satraps in the northwestern part of the kingdom.

Some Early Dynasties of South India By Sudhakar Chattopadhyaya