Skip to main content

Gona Chiefs

The Gonas or Konas (1190 AD - 1294 AD), of Haihaya descent, are the feudatories of Kakatiyas and ruled over tracts around Raichur with Vardhamanapuram (Mahabubnagar) as capital. 

The main centres of this Kingdom are Vardhamanpuram and Budapuram (Bhoothpur).

Claiming descent from Kartaviryarjuna and also lorship over Mahishmati.
Gona Kata Bhupati
Gona Kata, a minister of Kakatiya Ganapati, was a warrior whose feet are said to have been worshipped by his foes.

Rudra Narendra

Buddha I

Vithaia Raja

Gona Budha Reddy


Kakatiya king Pratapa Rudra of Warrangal gave land grants to clear forests. The Gona family, headed by Immadi Reddy, was responsible for the eastern section of the doab where Gadwal became established. 

Gona Budda Reddy had 3 sons and 1 daughter. Gona Ganapa Reddy( also known as Gona Ganna Reddy), Gona Kacha Reddy, Gona Vitalanatha and Kappambhika.

Kacha Reddy and Vitalanatha Reddy were poets, who penned to complete the Ranganatha Ramayanam started by their father, Gona Budda Reddy.( Ranganatha Ramayanam was the first Telugu Ramayanam written in Telugu literature by Gona Budda Reddy.This is written in Dwipada Chandassu). Gona Budda Reddy’s daughter got married to Malyala Gunda Dandadeeshudu.

The Gona family also had matrimonial relations with the Malyalas. Gona Kuppamba married Malyala Gunda Dandanatha.
Gona Lakuma Reddy
After Gona Budda Reddy’s death, His brother Gona Lakuma Reddy took over the kingdom. Gona Lakuma Reddy was not loyal to Kakatiya kings. After observing that his uncle Lakuma Reddy not being loyal to Kakatiya kings, Gona Ganna reddy, took over the kingdom of Vardhamaanapuram and helped Kakatiya kings in many wars. 

Gona Ganna Reddy
Gona Ganna Reddy the most loyal vassal of the katakiya queen Rudramdevi, crushed the revolt and made them surrender completely to the absolute power of the queen.

Ganna's many titles speak of his valour and political success was a great general of Rudradeva. Won a victory over Telugu Cholas. 

After Gona Ganna Reddy rule, His brother-in-law Malyala Gundanna became the king of Vardhamanapuram. 

1276 AD : Malyala Gundanna
Malyala Gundanna constructed several lakes with the help of his brother-in-law Gona Ganna Reddy and died in 1276 AD at the time of Rudrama Devi's rule.

1294 AD : Gona Vithala

The Kakatlya feudatory ruling at Vardhamanapura in the Mahbubnagar district.

Gona Ganna's chief minister was Vithala, his own brother. Vithala is described as the rajyarakshamani, the jewel amulet of his kingdom, protector of people, aware of his duties, possessor of good qualities and the ruler of the kingdom of Raichur.
The third Kakatiya offensive was directed against the Seuna Yadavas, who were also allies of Ambadeva. The main participant in this offensive seems to have been Gona Vithala, a Kakatiya subordinate who was ruling at Vardhamanapur in southwest Telangana. Gona Vithala captured the forts of Adavani and Tumbalam in the modern-day Bellary district, as well as Manuva and Hanuva in the Raichur doab. He then proceeded to capture the town of Raichur itself, where a fort was erected. Thus, the Seuna Yadavas had lost control over their southernmost territories in the Krishna-Tungabhadra basin. The Kakatiya invasion of this region seems to have occurred around 1294, the date of Gona Vithala's inscription describing his military achievements.




The history of Andhra Country - Yashoda Devi




Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Krishna River

Origin    : Mahabaleswar (Western Ghats), Mahasrashtra. Length    : 1400 km (870 mi) Drainage  :  258948 km    Elevation :  1,337 m (4,386 ft) Outflow   : Bay of Bengal States    : Maharashtra (305), Karnataka (483), Telangana - 416 and Andhra Pradesh - 485(612). The River Krishna forms border between the states of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh from Srisailam to Pulichintala for about 290 kms flows passing through NSP Dam Telangana Length    : 416 km Start     :  Krishna Village in Maganoor mandal, Narayanpet district. End       :  Vajinepally , Nalgonda. Districts : Mahabubnagar ( 300 km) , Nalgonda (116 km) The Krishna River is the fourth-biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganga, Godavari and Brahmaputra.  It flows east to Wai and then in a generally southeasterly direction past Sangli to the border of Karnataka state. There the river turns east and flows in an irregular course across north-central Karnataka and then to the s

Kakatiya Dynasty

895 AD / 1136 AD - 1323 AD Founder : Venna Capitals : Hanumakonda, Warangal Languages : Telugu Religion : Jainism, Hinduism (Saivism) Royal Emblem : Garuda, Varaha Kakatiyas are descendants of Karikala Chola King of Durjaya clan, who initially started as vassals of the Chalukyas in India, and later emerged as a ruling dynasty, with their capital at Kakatipura (probably named after the village diety, Kakatamma) or present day Warangal, in the state of Telangana, India. Kakatiyas were the devotees of Goddess Kakati. They were said to originate from Chaturthakula and they allied themselves by matrimony to chiefs of the Shudra caste, although in many documents related to gifts given in the Brahmins, their ancestry has been traced to the Solar dynasty of the Ikshvaku kshatriyas. The Kakatiya period was rightly called the brightest period of the Telugu history. The entire Telugu speaking area was under the kings who spoke Telugu and encouraged Telugu. They establish

Telangana Literature

The earliest known Literature of Telangana is around 940 AD during the rule of  Chalukyas of Vemulvada who patronized Sanskrit, Kannada and Telugu.  575 A.D - The Kalamalla inscription unearthed on the premises of Chennakesava-Siddeshwara temple at Kalamalla village in Yerraguntla Mandal Kadapa district A.P. is considered to be the first one written entirely in the Telugu language and put up by Renati Chola King Erikal Mutthuraju. 10th Century Adi Kavi Pampa (902 A.D - 975 A.D)   was court poet of Arikesari II (930 - 955 AD).  The Chalukya King of Vemulawada, Arikesari-II asks Pampa to write an epic to immortalize him. Pampa takes up the work with utmost earnestness. Within one year, he creates Kannada’s greatest epic ‘Vikramarjuna Vijaya aka ‘Pampa Bharatha. Arikesari-II is greatly pleased with the work of Pampa. He bestows him with an honorific ‘Kavithagunarnava’ and also gifts him with an agrahara called Dharmapura.  Pampa’s samadhi (grave) was discovered in 1970 in the town of

Rani Rudramadevi

Kakatiya Dynasty Name : Rudrama Devi Born : c.1225 AD Died : Nov 27, 1289 AD.  Kakatiya Ruler : 25 March 1261 AD - Nov 27, 1289 AD Spouse : Chalukya Veerabhadra  Children :  Mummadamba, Ruyamma and Rudrama Sister : Ganapamba married Beta of the Kota family Parents : Ganapatideva & Somamba Important People :  The important people in her life were Shivadesikulu, a minister who served the dynasty, and Annamambikadevi, the wife of Gona Ganna Reddy. Ganapatideva had two daughters Rudramadevi and Ganapamadevi. Rudramadevi or Rudramba was given in marriage to a prince of the Eastern Chalukyan lineage (of Nidadavolu) called Virabhadra. The second daughter was given in marriage to Beta of the Kota family. Rani Rudrama Devi (c.1225 – Nov 27 1289), or Rudradeva Maharaja, sometimes spelled Rudhramadevi / Rudramamba, was a ruler of the Kakatiya dynasty from 1261 - 1289 in the Deccan Plateau and one of the few ruling queens in Indian history. Rudrama Devi was known as Rudramma at birth. Her fath

Telangana Rivers

Telangana has 2 main rivers Godavari and Krishna. Godavari River  - The river is also known as Dakshin Ganga and Gautami.  Origin : Western Ghats at Triambak near Nasik in Maharashtra Elevation : 1067 meters Length : 1,465 km (910 mi) Drainage : 312812 km Outflow : Bay of Bengal States : Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry (Yanam) and Telangana Length in Telangana : 600 km Start : Basar in the Nirmal district End : Bhadrachalam in Bhadradri Kothagudem district Districts : Nirmal, Nizamabad, Jagtial, Mancherial, Jayashankar Bhupalpally, Mahabubabad, Bhadradri Kothagudem The Godavari River is the second longest river in India after the river Ganges and the largest in Peninsular India.   Tributaries in Telangana Gollavagu,  Gundlavagu, Indravti, Kadem, Karanja, Kinnerasani, Laknavaram, Malluruvagu, Maner or Manair, Manjira, Murredu, Modikuntavagu, Palemvagu, Palleru, Peddavagu, Pranahitha, Ralivagu, Ramadugu, Taliperu, Suddhavagu, Swarna Manjira River tribut