Mahabubnagar District History

Mahabubnagar, formerly known as Rukmammapeta and Palamooru is a city in Mahabubnagar District of the Indian state of Telangana named after the 6th Nizam, Mahboob Ali Khan.

Palamoor district belongs to "Asmaka" Janapada, which belongs to 6th century BC. According to Mahabharatha "Ashmaka" Janapada belongs to "Dakshinapatham" (Southern Part). Its capital was "POUDANYANAGARA" and later it is known as "Mulikinadu". According to Mahabharata Agastya Maharshi passed to Dakshinapatha and established a shiva temple known as "Agastheeswara Temple" on the banks of river Krishna (near to Kollapur).

304 BC - 232 BC : Great Emperor Ashoka

This region was southernmost land in the Asoka's Empire in 250 BC. We find many inscriptions of Asoka near by Palamoor ,"Maski" of Raichur district of Karnataka, Erragudi of Kurnool District.

221 BC - 218 AD : Satavahana Dynasty

Sathavahanas are the first Telugu rulers who ruled the south India for more than 400 years. Origin of this dynasty was from Kotilingala of Karimnagar District. According to the Prof. M. Radha Krishna Sharma garu the Prominent Historian, the village "SATANAKOTA" near Alampur was the base of the name of Shathavahana. Coins and inscriptions are found here but now it was submerged in the backwater of Srisailam Reservoir.

358 AD - 500 AD : Vishnukundin Dynasty

The founder of the Vishnukundin Dynasty Raja Maha Rajendra Varma belongs to Amrabad of Palamoor District. According to the Inscriptions of Indrapalanagara, Amrabad was the capital of the Mandalika Rajya. Later, Mahadeva Verma-I conquered the Kollapur area and spread the Vishnukundin Kingdom. According to B.N. Sastry Epigraphist the Vishnukundin belongs to Palamoor Distrtict. The king Maha Verma-IV conducted the rituals like "Hiranyagarbha Prasuta Yaga" had defeated Chandraguptha of Soma Dynasty at Srisailam Forest Area and married his daughter Chandradevi and captured Chandraguptha Fort at this Forest (Nallamala).

500 AD to 755 AD : Badami Chalukyan

Badami Chalukyas having special place in the history of Palamoor. Keerthi Verma-I (the father of Pulakesi-II who defeated Harshavardhana on the banks of Narmada River) has merged Palamoor area in his ruling period. Especially, Alampur was the centre for this rulers in this area. We can see many inscriptions of Badami Chalukyan Kings. Navabrahmeswara Temples of Alampur have been constructed by Pulakesi-II of Badami Chalukyans. These temples are the first temples in Nagara style of Temple Architecture. This architectural style has been spread to Badami, Pattadakal group of temples, Aihole to Bubaneswar area and then to North India. Pulakesi-II ruled for 32 years and titled as Parameswara and he conquered total South India including Pallavas of Kanchipura. Kubhjavishnuvardhana who is the brother of Pulakesi helped in the wars. So, Pulakesi has given the Southern Part of Kingdom up to Krishna River as autonomous Kingdom to his brother Kubhjavishnuvardhana. We, also got copper plate inscriptions of Vikramaditya Satyasraya, son of Pulakesi-II at Andelapadu near to Alampur. Especially, Alampur Navabrahmeswara Temples are the land mark of Badami Chalukya Kings and Alampur was the birth place of Nagara style of temple Architecture.

753 AD – 982 AD : Rashtrakutas Dynasty

During the period of Rashtrakutas, Palamoor District played a vital role in many wars. Various kings of Rashtrakuta Dynasty took training in this area during their training period. "Dantidurga" who was the founder of independent Rashtrakuta Kingdom started his wars to spread the kingdom and defeated Keerthiverma-II of Badami Chalukya and conquered Badami Chalukyan Kingdom. Then the great king Dhruva-I conquered Vengi Chalukyas, Pallavas, Malava and Gowda Deshas and touched the Ganga River. He constructed the "Western Gate" to Brahmeswara Temple at Alampur at his first anniversary of his coronation in the year 780-81 A.D. as per the inscription of Alampur. During the festival of Maharnavami he arranged meals for thousand members at Alampur and given many donations. The other inscriptions of Rashtrakuta Kings at Alampur are Srimara Alampur inscription for donations to Utthareswara, Balaverma as per the available inscriptions. Govinda-III one of the great king has laid the inscription in Chowdeswari Temple near to Gangapur of Jadcherla Mandal along with his friend Beeragriha of Vemulavada Chalukyas. Amogha Varsha, Krishna-II and other kings ruled this area during the Rashtrakuta period.

939 AD - 967 AD : Krishna III
Minambaram : This inscription refers to the reign of Kannara who might be Rashtrakuta Krishna III (A.D. 939-67). It mentions the ascetic Agastya Guravar of the Kalamukha school, a rigorous observer of vows.

982 AD - 1158 AD : Western Chalukyan Empire (Kalyani)

Kalyani Chalukyas are one of the great kings who ruled the district for about 200 years. Near 63 inscriptions have been found. Great temples of this district are the Agastheswara Temple, Kudali Sanghameswara Temple (presently this temple is located at Alampur), Alampuram, Gangapuram, Ujjili, Puduru, Bekkem, Allwanpally, Avancha, Pedda Kadumur, Budapur, Nekkonda, Rachur, Vankasamudram etc. temples are constructed in this period. Kandur Chodas are the feudatory of Kalyani Chalukyas. The great kings are Tailappa-II (965-997), Satyasraya (997-1008), Vikramaditya (1008-14), Jagadeka Malla (1015-43), Someswara-I (1043-68), Bhavaneka Malla or Someswara-II (1068-76), Thribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya (1076-1126), Someswara-III (1126-38), Jagadekamalla-II (1138-49) and Tailappa-III (1149-62). War sites of these kings in this district are 1. Pudur-near to Gadwal defeated Cholas. 2. Kudali Sangameswara Cholas- Lost War. These kings contributed a lot for Alampur temple. Telugu Chodas, Yadavas, Kakatiyas are the feudatories for these kings.

1040 AD - 1158 AD : Kanduri Chodas

Kanduri Chodas are originally belongs to Mahaboob Nagar. Origin for this dynasty is Telugu Choda. These kings ruled independently northern and southern parts of Krishna and Tungabhadra Rivers. Vardhamana Puram, Kandur, Kodur, Rachur and Gangapuram are the famous towns and as well as Capitals for these kings. Vangur and Sarikonda are the main centres. Vaidumbas are the feudatories of these kings which was ruled AIZA mandalam with 300 villages. Vardhamana Puram was the capital of Udhyana Choda. Kandur was the ancient city of this district. It was the capital for this kingdom for some days. These kings are described that they were belongs to Karikalachola family. Panagallu, Kandur, Ghanapuram, Gangapuram, Vardhamanapuram, Amrabad, Rachur, Kodur, Maghatala (Makthal), Vangur, Munnanur are having the forts in various places of this district and protected the kingdom. Kakati Rudradeva defeated the Bhimadeva who was the son of Udhyana Choda king of Vardhamanapuram and married his sister Padmavathi. Kings donated land for the temples and laid inscriptions, Lingala village is donated to Somasila temple. They developed this area as a powerful kingdom and ruled for 250 years.

1107 AD - 1136 AD : Kumara Tailapa (Tailapa III)
Mahamandalesvara Kumara Tailapadeva, the king's son by Chandaladevi, and states that he was ruling the territory from his capital Kolur in the company of his queen Lakahmadevi and sons Permadideva and Bikkideva.

29th October, A.D. 1110 : Alavanpalli, Mahaboobnagar District.
This inscription is dated C.V.E. (35) Vikrti, Kartika Purnima Sunday. (A.D. 1110, October. 29, Saturday ?). States that Mahamandalesvara Yuvaraja Tailapa Deva was ruling over Kanduru-1000 and that at the request of maneverggade and another Karanams the prince Tailapadeva granted to the mahajanas of the Panchamathas, and Pattusalis of the nakara of Navapura in Koduru certain privileges regarding property rights.

28th July A.D. 1113 : Avancha
This inscription describes the exploits of the king's son mahamandalesvara Kumara Tailapadeva and mentions certain regulations against social evils formulated by him, pertaining to the capital town of Avancha at the request of the principal residents of the place, among them one Pattasalis (weavers) angadi settis of Trailokyamalla (Merchants) Jagadekamalla Palisetti raya bangara Modisetti and Aayyana setti of Vira Nolamba.

1119 AD : Pillalamarri.
This inscription is in the Govt. Museum. Incomplete. It only mentions the prasasti, and mahamandalesvara Kumara Tailapa, his maha pradhana and dandanayaka Jannamaraja and Gudavargade Bachimayya.

14th August A.D. 1121 : Nekkonda, Mahaboobnagar District.
This inscription dated C.V.E. 46, Plava, Sravana, Amavasya Sunday. (A.D. 1121, Aug. 14). It begins with the prasasti of Kumara Tailapadeva, the king's son by Chandaladevi and states that he was ruling from Kolur with his queen Lakshmi Devi and sons Permadi and Bikkideva. It registers the gift of the village Bhudupura (in Kanduru-70, in Nurumbada of Kanduru-1000) for worship at and repairs to the temple of the god Ramesvara of Nekkondi and for feeding the ascetics.

21st January A.D. 1125 : Jadcherla
This inscription is in the compound of the panchayat office. It is a Jaina epigraph. In the beginning it extrols the greatness of the Western Chalukyan king Bhulokamalla Somesvara III and his son Tailapa III, yuvaraja who was ruling over Kanduru nadu. Next it refers to a Jaina inscription installed by Meghachandrabhattaraka who belonged to the Kanurgana gachha of Mulasangha. The second part refers to the construction of a chaitya stupa of Parsvanadha at Gangapura by Bammisetti chief of Manakeriya, the As'esha setti galu of different samayas ubhaya nanadesis and the swamis of Ayyavolu 500. Some gifts were granted to this temple for the daily anga and ranga bhogas and for the repairs and renovation.

1125-1126 AD : Jadcherla and Badepalli, Mahabubnagar District
The record then states that Tailapadeva, the younger brother of the king Bhulokamalla, was ruling over Kandur-nadu.
A few names bearing geographical significance are met with in this inscription and happily all of them can be identified with their modern survivals. The rajadhani Kalyanapura (line 5) is modern Kalyāna in the Gulbarga district and Gongapura (line 22) is identical with modern Gangapur, 3 kms. away from Jadcherla, Mahabubnagar district. Kandūra-Nadu is identical with Kandur-one thousand region which, according to several inscriptions of the Chalukya period, seems to have extended upto Pānugallu in Nalgonda district.

8th June A.D. 1134 : Gangapuram
This inscription is on the tank bund near Chowdamma shrine outside the village. Registers gift of share of the income derived from Vaddaravula and Hejjunka taxes for burning the perpetual lamp and incense to the God Katteya Somanadha in the presence of Jayananda Bhatta and Bavvarasa, the toll officer of Kanduru nadu and members of mercantile community and other officials like Kommarasa, Sundaranayaka, Pochisetti, Permadisetti by Tailapa III's dandanayaka in the presence of jayananda bhatta.

22nd July, 1156 AD : Gangapuram.
Records the gift (name lost) by son of Jagadekamalla to be maintained by Dakha setti. It also registers some gifts by some settis of Gangapuram.

Kalachuris of Kalyani
1178 AD - 1183 AD : Ahavamalla
18th July, 1181 AD : Appanapalli , Mahabubnagar
This inscription is on the northern wall of Siva temple. Records that the elders of Aiyyavolu 500, 36 Beedu of Mummari and the Ubhaya nananadesis of Kannada Navaka 1000 assembled and built the gateway (torana) at Kadamburu.
Note: This Ahuvamalla was the fifth son of Bijjela. His earliest record is dated A.D. 1181. If this was his third year, he must have proclaimed himself as king in A.D. 1178-79.

1158 AD to 1323 AD : Kakatiya Dynasty
Prola-II and Rudradeva conquered this area by defeating Kanduri Chodas. Rudradeva Constructed the Rudradeva Fort at Munnanur in the area of 30 miles. Ganapathi Deva, one of the great kings ruled over all Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. During his period Ghanapuram Fort was constructed. Buddheswara Sahasralingam, Lakshmi Narasimha and Narayana temples were constructed. On the name of his parents, he donated the land of Peddapuram village. During the period of Rudramadevi, Malyalagundana constructed "Ganapasamudram" tank near Buddhapuram (Bhoothpur). Gona Ganna Reddy played a vital role during the rule of King Pratapa Rudra. He belongs to Vardamanapuram. He conquered Raichur and constructed a fort. His father is Gona Budda Reddy who contributed Ranganatha Ramayanam as Dwipada kavyam in Telugu Language.

Malyala Dynasty
1217 AD - 1276 AD: Malyala Gunda
18th August, A.D. 1259. : Bothpur
The very beautiful celestial creeper of Kuppambika, born in the great milky ocean of the Gona dynasty, an eternal ornament to the forest of Malayala dynasty, (and one who was) honoured by the learned men (the gods), bears fruit along with him.

10th August, A.D. 1271 : Bothpur, Mahaboobnagar District. 
This inscription is on a stone pillar in the Masjid. Dated S. 1194. Amgirasa, Sravana su. 15, Wednesday, Lunar eclipse (A.D. 1217, a. 10). Records the construction of a tank after the name of his master Ganapatideva by Malayala Gunda and the gift of some Vrttis behind it to Brahmans who performed religious ceremonies. Among the donees several learned brahmins including a certain Tarani ganti Isvarabhattopadhayaulu are mentioned. He is probably identical with the poet Isvarasuri son of Mayuraraya the composer of the inscription who is said to have been proficient in Paninian grammar and Vichitra-kavita. The inscription was composed by Isvara Suri, son of Mayuraraya.

1276 AD : Budapuram, Vardamana Puram are the centres for Malyala Kings who were the Feudatories of Kakatiyas. These kings helped to Kakatiyas in many wars during the period of Ganapathi Deva, Rudramadevi and Prataparudra. Malyala Kappambhika, wife of Gunda Dandadeswara constructed a temple at Budapuram (Bhoothpur) in 1276 A.D.

1276 AD - 1278 AD : Kuppamambika wife of Gundaya
16th January A.D. 1277 : Bhutpur, Mahabubnagar
On a slab in the antarala of Ramalingeswara temple. States that while Kakatiya Rudradeva Maharaju was ruling Malyala Kuppambika, wife of Gundaya, built a temple in Budupur, when her husband expired and installed a linga in it and she along with her sons. Bachaya Ganapatideva, Parvatamu Mallya and brothers Mallaya, Buddaya, Vitṭalaya, Kataya son of Gundaya, granted to lord Gundesvara deva, wetland (vritti) as service tenure behind Bassamudram. The details of the granted land are 2 mas in Basamudram 2 mas in Kuppa samudram, 1 ma in Ganapa samudram, and I ma in Budhini Kunta, thus making a total of 5 mas. Also 12 mas of velivolamu in Budupuru, and 9 mas in Potulamadugu, thus a total of 21 mas. The grant was entrusted to Siddhajiyya son of Bilajiyya and Vaijiyya son of Bachajiyya, to enjoy it for generations. The latter part contains the Sanskrit text of the inscription composed by Isvara Bhattopadhyaya, who was an expert in Yajurveda, and an adept in composing poetry.

Cherukureddy Kings

Amrabad area is ruled by Cherukureddy kings. Inscriptions of these kings at old Shiva temple at Amrabad in 1258 A.D. describes about these kings. The king ruled under the capital of Amrabad and also some part in Nalgonda district.

Gona Kings

Gona Kings are the feudatories of Kakatiyas and ruled the Vardhamanapuram. Gona Budhareddy and Gona Gannareddy are the great kings who helped to Kakatiya Kings. The main centres of this Kingdom are Vardhamanpuram (Vaddemin of Bijinapally Mandal) and Budapuram (Bhoothpur).


The Eastern part presently located at Madgul Mandal. The name of area is "IRVIN" ruled by Vavilala Kings, these kings ruled Amanagallu, Charikonda, Irvin and Vangur areas. Rudraya Reddy was the great king of this dynasty. These kings are the feudatories of Kakatiyas.


During the period of Kakati Mahadeva who defeated by Yadava Kings, this area was under the rule of Yadava of Devagiri. "Sthanumantri" the Dandanayaka of Yadava King Ramachandradeva laid the inscription at Shiva Temple of Magatala (Makthal) about the rule of Yadavas in this area.

1325 AD – 1365 AD : Musunuri Nayaks
After the defeat of Prataparudra by the Muslims, the Kingdom of Kakatiya was ruled by Musunuri Kings who was the feudatories of Kakatiyas. During this period, Palamoor, Shaadnagar areas were under the rule of these kings. Prolaya Nayaka and Kapaya Nayaka are the great kings. Post Kakatiya period these kings had tried to protect Hindu culture and kingdoms from Muslim invasions.

1303 AD – 1470 AD : Recharla Nayaks
Feudatories of kakatiyas. Kalwakurty and Raghupathipet areas are under these kings. These kings belongs Rachakonda and Devarakonda of Nalgonda Districts. During this period, Palamoor District area was changed as War Field between these kings and Vijayanagara, Reddy, Bahamani Kings

1350 AD – 1518 AD : Bahmani Sultanate / Kingdom (1347 AD - 1527 AD)
Founder : Zafar Khan or Hasan Gangu or Allauddin Hassan or Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah

Jul 30, 1463 - Mar 26, 1482 A.D : Muhammad Shah-lll
1470-71 : Kondurg, Mahbubnagar.
An inscription from Kundrug set up during the reign of Shamsu'd-Din Muhammad Shah, son of Humayun Shah, states that the mosque (on which it appears) was built in A.H. 875 (A.D. 1470-71) at the instance of Khan-i-A'zam Farhat Khan, and through the efforts of Maliku'sh Sharq Ma'ruf Khani.

Maliku'sh Sharq Ma'ruf Khani.
Bahamani Sultan Kingdom has spread the wars to this area during their period to face the Vijayanagar Kings and others. The main centres of these kings are Gulbharga, Raichur and other forts, which are surroundings of this district. So many wars took place in this area. Sultan has been occurred at Krishna and Bhima river confluence led by Ramaraya of Vijaya Nagar.

1470-71 : An inscription from Kundrug set up during the reign of Shamsu'd-Din Muhammad
Shah, son of Humayun Shah, states that the mosque (on which it appears) was built in A.H. 875 (A.D. 1470-71) at the instance of Khan-i-A'zam Farhat Khan, and through the efforts of

Maliku'sh Sharq Ma'ruf Khani.
1397 AD – 1529 AD : Vijayanagara Empire (Tuluva dynasty)
Vijayanagara Kings (1336-1565)
Sri Krishna Devaraya (ruled 1509-29)

In 1397 AD Alampur and Panagallu were conquered by Vijayanagar Kings. Many wars between Vijayanagar Kings and Sultans were held in this district. Koilkonda, Panagal, Raichur are the strategical forts of this period. 

1350 AD - 1518 AD : Bahmani Sultanate / Kingdom (1347 AD - 1527 AD)
Founder : Zafar Khan or Hasan Gangu or Allauddin Hassan or Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah
Capitals : Kalaburgi /Aḥsanabad now Gulbarga (1347–1425), Muhammadabad now Bidar (1425–1527)
Religion: Sunni Islam
Languages : Persian, Marathi, Deccani Urdu, Telugu, Kannada

Mar 26, 1482 - Dec 27, 1518 AD : Mahmood Shah Bahmani II
He ascended the throne at the age of 12 years, when new-comers had been over thrown. New Regency was formed with Queen as president. Qasim Barid was entitled with Barid-ul-mumalik.

1495 AD - 1518 AD : Qutbul-Mulk was appointed as the Governor of Golkonda in Tilangana in 901 AH /1495-96 AD who controlled over Warangal, Rachakonda, Devarkonda and Koilkonda and was awarded the title Qutb-ul-Mulk (Pillar of the Realm) as military chief. 

1513-14 : Kodangal was part of Koilkonda.
Language : Persian and Naskh. This inscription on a Dargah of Nizamu`d-Din, slab in the southern wall from Kodangal in the Mahbubnagar District, states how the two villages called Awlin the big and Awlin the small were merged into one and named Husainabad which was endowed for running the langar of the twelve imams. The record constitutes a will executed by Malik Qutbu-l-Mulk, the progenitor of the Qutb Shahi rulers of Golconda in A.H. 919 (1513-14 A.D.). It is worth noting that the inscription, in as much as it does not mention Qutb Ul-Mulk with any royal title, is additional epigraphical evidence against Firishta's statement that Qutb Ul-Mulk assumed kingship in A.H. 918 (1512-13 A.D.).

Sultan Quli extended his rule by capturing forts at Warangal, Kondapalli, Eluru, and Rajamundry, while Krishnadevaraya was fighting the ruler of Odisha. He defeated Sitapati Raju (known as Shitab Khan), the ruler of Khammam, and captured the fort. ]

1518 AD : He declared the independence of Golconda, after the disintegration of the Bahmani Kingdom into the five Deccan sultanates. Soon after, he declared independence from the Bahmani Sultanate, took the title Qutub Shah, and established the Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda (1518-1687 AD)

1518 - 1687 : Qutb Shahi dynasty or Golconda or Golkonda Sultanate
Founder : Sultan Quli Khawas Khan Hamdani or Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk
Capitals : Golconda (1519 - 1591), Hyderabad (1591 - 1687)
Languages: Persian, Telugu, Deccani Urdu
Religion: Shia Islam

1518 AD - 1543 AD : Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk
Sultan Quli Qutb Shah was a contemporary of Krishana Deva Raya and his younger brother Achyuta Deva Raya of the Vijayanagara Empire

1509 AD - 1529 AD : Krishna Deva Raya
During the rule of the great king Srikrishna Devaraya (1509-29), he frequently visited Alampur temple and constructed Narsimha Swamy temple at Alampur. In 1521 A.D. Srikrishna Devaraya laid Alampur inscription and he offered donations to Alampur temple. According to the copper plate inscription of Alampur, 1526 describes that Alampur was one of the Nayankara. 

1529 AD - 1541 AD : Achyuta Deva Raya
Achutaraya Conquered Panagal. 
2nd November A.D. 1538 : Kosangi. 
This inscription states that while Achyutaraya was ruling his amara nayaka (name lost) Immadi Medi Naraya made a gift of a well and garden to the God Somesvara of Kosagi.

1550 AD - 1580 AD : Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah
Chief Commander : Sayyid Shah Mir or Sayyad Shah Taqi

Ibrahim Qutb Shah Wali (1518 – 5 June 1580), also known by his Telugu names Malki BhaRama and Ibharama Cakravarti, was the fourth monarch of the kingdom of Golconda in southern India. He was the first of the Qutb Shahi dynasty to use the title "Sultan". He lived for seven years in exile at the court of Vijayanagara as an honoured guest of Rama Raya. Ibrahim is known for patronizing Telugu extensively because he was moved by a genuine love for the language.

In 1565, Ibrahim took the advantage of internal conflicts in Vijayanagara, which had given him shelter in exile during 1543–1550. He became part of a cabal of Muslim rulers of small states which banded together to destroy the powerful Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagara. He thus personally betrayed Rama Raya of Vijayanagara, who had given him shelter during his exile in 1543 to 1550. In the Battle of Talikota which ensued, Rama Raya was killed and the city where Ibrahim had spent seven happy and safe years was razed to the ground

1550 AD : Kolikonda, Mahabubnagar District.
This Telugu inscription is inscribed on a stone built into the Fort, and records that the garrison (hasim) of Koyyalakonda set up this pillar inscription on Monday su. 5 in the month of Magha of the year Sabharana, S. 1472, corresponding to Kali era 4,32,000, on behalf of Iburahim Kutubhuna Maluka Vodayalu (Ibrahim Qutub-ul-mulk).

January, 1551 AD : It records that when Ibrahim Qutb Shah of Golconda was residing at Vijayanagara, the garrison of the fort of Koilkunda swore the Prince an oath of allegiance.

1570 AD - 1646 AD : Vijayanagara Empire (Aravidu Dynasty)

1570 AD - 1572 AD : Tirumala Deva Raya

1572 AD - 1586 AD : Sriranga Deva Raya I

1586 AD - 1614 AD : Venkatapati Deva Raya II
Polepally, Jadcherla
This inscription is on a pedestal in the Chennakesava Temple. This inscription mentions that a pillar which was broken for a long time was replaced in the temple of Ahobala Narasimhasvami of Polepalli by Mudugallu Nurussa Chintamani

1518 AD - 1687 AD : Qutbshahis / Golconda Sultanate
This area was under the direct rule of Qutb Shahis of Golkonda, Koilkonda and Ghanapur which were main defence forts of this kings. In 1565 Rakkasi Thangadi war held in this area. Aurangzeb attacked on Golkonda fort also took place from this area only.

1687 AD - 1724 AD : Mughal Empire
Aurangazeb, the Mughal emperor, invaded Golconda in 1687 A.D and annexed it to the Mughal Empire. Since then, Golconda became part of the Deccan Subha and a Nizam was appointed as an agent of the Mughal emperor. Thus, for about a period of 35 years it was ruled by the Moghuls, the last one being Mubariz Khan.

1724 AD - 1948 AD : Asaf Jahis
This dynasty acquired enormous wealth and lived most extravagant and lavish life for that time. Nizam VII was the richest man on the earth in his period. He was also awarded as "Faithfull Ally of the British". Though people suffered, they left behind lot of well known landmarks, rich treasures, art, lavish food style and rich culture. Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan Nizam-VI a great and generous ruler ruled from 1869-1911 who was known as a good king among the Nizams.

Nizam Dynasty - 7 Asaf Jahi Rulers

Salarjung reforms took place in this period. Maharaja Kishen Pershad has introduced many reforms in this period. On the name of this Nawab the Palamoor District has been changed to Mahaboob Nagar District in the Nizams State. He released 25 Lakhs for action against to draught. He also known as "Mahaboob-E-Deccan". The last Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan (1911-1948) ruled this area. Many wars took place during this period. Freedom Movement took place in all over the country, but Nizam suppressed a lot in his kingdom. During his period on 10thMay 1925 "Golkonda Pathrika" (News Paper) started by Suravaram Pratapa Reddy who belongs to Palamoor District of this State and fought against Nizam rule for freedom.