The region of Kandurunadu located south of the Kakatiya territory formed the yuvaraja-vritti or kumara-vritti (royal appanage) of Kumara Tailapa, the younger brother of the Chalukya king Somesvara III. It appears that Kumara Tailapa was active in the region even during the reign of his father, King Vikramaditya, as Tailapa's earliest inscriptions in Kandurunadu date to 1110 C.E. In addition to Kandurunadu, Kumara Tailapa also held the province of Sindavadi, with its capital at Tumbalam (near Adoni).
It seems that Tailapa distributed the governorship of Kandurunadu between two brothers of the Choda family, Bhima III (who held Kanduru) and Gokarna I (who held Panugallu).
Prince Tailapa eventually sought to become independent of his elder brother. While Bhima III agreed to fight for Tailapa, Gokarna I remained loyal to King Somesvara. As a result, it seems that Gokarna was killed by Kumara Tailapa and Bhima III in 1128.
Prola II, at the behest of King Somesvara, invaded Kandurunadu to put an end to the rebellion. Prola attacked the general Govinda-damdesa, who had received Panugallu from Kumara Tailapa after Gokarna was killed. Upon defeating and killing Govinda-damdesa, Prola restored Panugallu to Udaya Choda, the son of Gokarna. Prola's campaign into Panugallu seems to have occurred sometime between 1128 and 1136.
c.1040 - c.1065 : Eruva Bhima I
An inscription found at Nagai dated 1058 AD, Ayyarasa of Haihaya family was ruling Kandurnadu under Somesvara I.
Granted the lordship of Cheraku together with its 12 villages to Cheraku Chief Kata I.
c.1065 - c.1076 : Tonda I son of Eruva Bhima I
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Somesvara I (1042 - 1068).
c. 1076 - c. 1091 : Bhimachoda II son of Tonda I
The Chalukyan emperor, Someswara-11 (1068 - 1076) who ruled over the district. The Kolanupaka inscriptions dated A.D. 1070 and A.D. 1075 respectively. These inscriptions are interesting, for the former mentions a’ reddimanya’ probably a service endowment granted to reddy, who was a village officer, while the letter refers to a levy called settisumka meaning “a mercantile tax”.Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI (1076 - 1126). It is likely that Bhima Choda II fought beside Vikramaditya VI in a civil battle with this brother Somesvara II (1068 - 1076) and obtained Kandurnadu region for his services.
Bhimachoda II had four sons (Tonda II, Iruga, Kondaya, Mallikarjunachoda) by his wife ganagadevi.
c. 1091 - 1098 Tonda II
Subordinate to Western Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI (1076 - 1126).
This inscription, engraved on a slab lying near a tank opposite the Muthyalamma temple, is in Telugu language and Characters and is dated in the Chalukya Vikrama era (year not specified) Angirasa (A.D. 1092-93). It registers a gift of land in the village Jalapattu for the upkeep of the lake at Kroproli and for the maintenance of the Rudresvaradevara-satra, on the occasion of Uttarayan-Sankranti, by Kanduri-Tondaya-Cholamaharaju. The gift was entrusted to Chilyakamti-Anamtasaka-Pandita.
Assumed responsibilities well before his father died c. 1091.
Mallikarjunachoda might be appointed as governor to Amanakallu-70, a part of Kandurnadu.
Kumara Tailapa the younger son of Vikramaditya VI was in possession of kandurnadu-1100 and Sindvadi-1000 with its capital at Tumbalam near Adoni and wanted to assert independence over kandurnadu.
Since the accession of Somesvara III signs of disloyalty surfaced among Kandur chodas.
Nagarkurnool: This inscription is on a stone lying in the RDO’s bungalow. Incomplete. Mentions only the prasasti and cyclic year. Begins with the usual prasasti of the Kanduri Chodas and mentions the name of the king Irugana Choda maharaja.
This inscription is on the right-side pillar in the mukha-mandapa of the Ramesvara temple. Records the gift of 3 marutars of land to the god Kedaresvara and 2 marutars of land to the god Kesavadeva by the king mahamandalesvara Kanduri Somanathadeva-choda- maharaju. The gift lands are stated to have been situated in different places. Also records the gift of a perpetual lamp to the same god.
This inscription is on a pillar in the mandapa of Siva temple. Records mahamandalesvara kanduri Somanadhadeva Chada maharaju made a grant of land measures 12 khas, of velivolamu (dry land), and niru polamu, 3 mas, (wet land) situated behind the tank Prolenayaka, to God Kedaresvara. He also donated 2 mas, behind Basanicheruvu and Karrakuli penta sunkamu (market tax) towards nanda dipa.
Belonging to the same period are two epigraphs from Anamala in Miryalaguda Taluk. They belong to the Kanduri Choda family which paid allegiance to the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani. One of them, dated Saka 1050 (A.D. 1128), was issued by Sridevi Tondaya and is silent about the overlord, suggesting an independant status. The other. dated to A.D. 1127, belongs to one Gokarna.
1105 - 1157 : Bhimachoda III
This inscription is on a pillar in the mandap of Rameswara Swamy temple. Registers the gift of 18 tumus towards the daily rites of God Ramesvara of Tumenti and one ma of ghee towards perpetual lamp, and 24 rukas from Siddhayamu towards 24 vidyas by Vennamahadevi, the chief queen of Kanduri Nalla Bhimadeva Choda maharaja.29th December A.D. 1122 : Upparapalli, Nalla Bhimadeva Choda Maharaja :
This inscription is in the water channel about one kilometre away from the village. Records that Vennamahadevi the chief queen of mahamandalesvara Kanduri Nalla Bhimadeva Choda maharaju made a grant of land belonging to Gollakaluva in Tummenta, her native village, to god Narasimhadeva, of Mavindlapalli, for the daily worship and offerings. It also records another grant of Bakiratnamu land.
1157 AD : Kistapuram, Ramannapet Taluk : Kanduru Choda
This inscription is on a slab lying near the old Shiva temple outside the village. The cyclic year Isvara corresponds to Saka 1019 and 1079 [A.D. 1097 and 1157 respectively]; but palacographically it may be assigned to A.D. 1157. The inscription records the gift of some lands to the god [---]esvara of Parivela village by Kanduri Bhimachoda Maharaja of Kasyapa Gotra and Karikalanvaya for the merit of his father Tomdayaraja.
It appears that Bhimachoda III, armed with material and moral support of Kumara Tailapa, killed his younger brother Gokarnachoda I.
This inscription is on a stone now preserved in the State Museum, Hyderabad. States that, Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Gokarna Choda Maharaja (conferred on G(K)avaliya Bhimana Peggada, son-in-law (or nephew) of Gamanapeggada, the lordship of Addaluru included in Amanagallu-70 on his (Bhimana Peggada's) son, Doddaya bhattu.
This inscription is on a pillar in front of Brahmesvara temple. Registered a gift of land to Gods Mallikarjuna, Kesavadeva and Narsimhadeva, of Mamillapalli for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp by Savadara Bollayya Nayaka, while Gokar nadeva was ruling.
General : Arasalu
This inscription is set up before the mukhamandapa of the swayambhu Someswara temple. Records the gift of land by madalika Gunadya, an officer under the chief for conducting the offerings and worship on the day of Uttarayana-Sankranthi. The land was measured by a rod called ghada-marturu to the deity Kesavadeva installed by Yajnavalki Kesava-bhatta.
Kata, Mara and two Erras, the cheraku chiefs assisted Kakatiya Rudra in defeating Udayachoda II who made peace by giving his daughter Padma in marriage to Kaktiya Rudradeva.
This inscription is on a stone pillar lying in the temple outside the village. Registers the fact that two lamp stands were installed by Ravitorri Peggada Mallisetti in Kesavadeva temple which was situated in Somanatha temple at Panagallu. The said gift was entrusted to the son (name not clear) of Mutteboyana nayaka in S 1081 to maintain these nanda deepas.
This inscription is on a stone pillar lying in the temple outside the village. Registers a gift of thirty goats for the supply of ghee to nanda deepas installed by Ravitorri peggada Malliseyi for Kesava deva. The said gift was entrusted to Yeruge son of Muttuboyana.
25th December, 1162 AD : Jadcherla, Mahaboobnagar District.
This inscription is on a stone slab set up in front of Venkateswara temple. Dated (S) 1084, Chitrabhanu Pushya ba 2, Tuesday (A.D. 1162 December, 25). Records the grant of Koduri Gokarna Singa rukalu from malinga sunkamu in the village of Gangapuram for the two nanda-dipas and gosagi naivedyam for Svayambhudeva of Koduru, by Nalla Siddaramaiah and Errasiddhamaiah the dandanayakas of Kibatte and Melvatte and Sunka officers (Collectors of Revenue) of Udayana Choda maharaja of Kanduru.
30th April, 1167 AD: Lingala
This inscription is on two broken pieces of stone in the Siva temple and another in the field. Registers the grant of Lingala village, in Kanduru mandala made at Somasila shrine on the bank of Krishna by certain Tonda son of Kanna and Mallamasani of the Solar dynasty, renowned for the birth of Karikala. He is further stated to have established three shrines for Visnu, Siva and Surya in the names of Bhimaraju, Gokarnaraju and his father respectively.
This inscription is on a pillar in the mandapa of Siva temple. Registers the grant of two puttis per month for the daily offerings of God Indresvara by Sunka verggade Kommanayya while his over lord Kanduri Udayana Choda was ruling.
It states that the King held titles like Karikalanvaya and Viramanesvara. It records the gift of 16 marttars of land in the village Marikallu as Naivedya, two gadde marttars along with ratana, land to Sun god and 10 marttars of land to Chennakesava by Sri Marrikallu Balla Veliyam Reddi.
1176 AD : Nelakondapalli, Khammam District.
This inscription is on a stone lying near the local library. Dated S 1097, Manmatha, Magha su-(A.D. 1176, Feb...?). Records the construction of a sluice for the great tank at Kondapally. One Malli Nayaka gave a martur of land to the God Visvesvara for naivedya.
This inscription is on a pillar lying in the Veerabhadra temple. Begins with the prasasti of the Choda chief of Kanduru Udayaditya and refers to his subordinate chief named Poti reddi with a string of titles which mention that he was lord of Jammulurupura. This inscription registers a gift of land in Peddi reddipalli for performing anga-ranga-bhogas and daily rituals to God Mahesvara by Poti reddi for his merit and for the merit of his overlord.
Of the three Telugu inscriptions in Telugu characters from the Anesvarammagutta, the first, dated Saka 1129 (A.D. 1207), records a grant of lands to a brahmana by Ereyana Peggada and also for the merit of Kanduri Odayanachoda-maharaja, the local ruling chief. The second inscription, in characters of the twelfth century engraved on the pedestal of an image, states that this is an image of Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Odayanachoda-maharaja. The third, engraved around the foot-prints in characters of the twelfth century, reads as Jina Brahmayogi- guru-pada Charukitti.
17th November A.D. 1234: Mallepally, Devarakonda, Nalgonda.
This inscription is on a stone in the field outside the village. The inscription registers the gift of his part (palu) of the village Nalladamapalli for the amgaramga bhogas and offerings to the god Mahesvara by Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Udayaditya Choda Maharaja of Kasyapa gotra, Karikalanvaya and solar race, the lord of Kodurupura for the merit of his father Somanathadeva.
This inscription is in the central pillar in the Indreshwara temple outside the village. States that a certain Udayana Preggada, mahapradhani of Kanduru, made a gift of twenty eight lamps towards nanda deepa for God Indresvara, while Bhimachoda deva maharaja was ruling. The gift was entrusted to Kampu Kolanka Boyi.
1282 AD : Ramanathadevachoda
Recherla family was ruling pillalamarri and nagalpadu region in Nalgonda district.
Cheraku chief Cheraku Bollaya was ruling Nandikotkur of Kurnool and Achampet Taluk of Mahaboobnagar.
Kayastha Chief Ganagaya Sahini was ruling the region extending from Panugallu in Nalgonda District to Valluru in the Cuddapah district.
The History of Andhra Country, 1000 A.D.-1500 A.D.By Yashoda Devi
Telugu Chodas of Kandur by G. Satyanarayana rao