Skip to main content


Chityala Ailamma

Name : Chityala Ailamma or Chakali Ailamma (1919–1985)
Born : 1919, Krishnapuram, Raiparthy Mandal, Warangal
Died : Sep 10, 1985 Palakurthi, Jangaon.
Spouse : Chityala Narsaiah
Children : 4 Sons and 1 Daughter Somu Narsamma.
Profession : Farmer, Social Activist, Social Reformer

She belongs to Rajaka caste so her name became Chakali Ailamma.Poor with no formal education, a legend in the Telangana armed struggle.

Chityala Ailamma's struggle to establish her right to cultivate her own landmarks in a sense was the beginning of the Telangana Peasant Struggle.

She became an inspiration for many people in Telangana region.

She took 4 acres of land for rent (koulu) to cultivate land from a local landlord kondala rao. But, Patwari Veeramaneni Sheshagiri rao did not like that and started giving trouble to leave the land and asked her to come work in his own field.

Around the same time Andhra Maha Sabha led by Communits gave a call to revolt conducted many militant struggles against zamindars and deshmukhs,against the practices of vetti (beggar – forced labour), against illegal exactions and against evictions of cultivators from their lands.

She joined Andhra Maha Sabha and inspired her whole family, her sons and daughters to be with the Party throughout, through thick and thin. Her house had been the centre of Andhra Mahasabha and Communist Party activities against the landlords. She fought not only for her personal case – this only symbolised and signalled the beginning of the mighty struggle of the Telangana peasant for land.

Patwari Veeramaneni Sheshagiri rao complained to Visunur Deshmukh Ramachandra Reddy that she joined communists and got her husaband an d sons arrested.

Being independent minded and courageous, she resisted the attempts of the notorious deshmukh to occupy her land and merge it with his own. 

In the summer of 1946, Visunuru landlord planned to take away the harvest and evict her from the land, planned to seize the harvest directly from the fields. Just before this at a public meeting held in that village, he had sent his goondas to murder the Sangham leaders. But the people had foiled his plans and had beaten black and blue the goonda leader, Onamala Venkadu. On this pretext, the landlord arrested 14 of the Sangham leaders and lodged a case for attempted murder against them. Involved in this case were the leaders of the Sangham from that village, taluka and district. People were scared. Under these circumstances, Visnur Ramachandra Reddy thought that no one would obstruct him from taking possession of Ailamma’s lands.

He sent 100 goondas and 100 farm servants, men and women, to gather the harvest. Then the Sangham leaders and 28 volunteers, staking their lives, and armed with lathis and shouting slogans attacked the goondas. Hundreds of peasants, women as well as men, helped her to gather them and defended them with slings, stones, chilli powder and pounding sticks, Seeing these volunteers marching in formation with lathis and with fierce determination on their faces, the goondas ran for their lives. No one was left behind. The harvest was gathered and was sent to Ailamma’s house. The same night police from Visnur arrived but they dared not touch the harvested grain stored in Ailamma’s house. This incident roused the spirit of the people.

Next morning, 6 leaders including Bheemireddi Narasimha Reddy, Chokilam Yadagiri Rao, Nallu Pratapa Reddy, Katkur Ramachandra Reddy were arrested and taken to Visnur police station. At mid-night, they were taken with shackles on their hands and feet to the kutcheri house, there they were beaten severely, their heads were thrust in the ovens, chilli powder was thrust in their anus, urine was poured into their mouths and many other acts of fascist brutality were committed. But in spite of all this, Ailamma’s harvest and lands could not be seized. This victory over Visnur Ramachandra Reddy, the notorious deshmukh, enthused and gave courage to the people of the whole of Telangana. Long after this, the people used to describe this heroic struggle and sing songs about it.
But in spite of all this, Ailamma's harvest and lands could not be seized.

Songs were written on the incident of Ailamma’s land struggle attracted the women a lot. For the first time, the problem of land, eviction and vetti and forcible grain levies which had become the problems of their life, were connected with the slogan of abolition of zamindari, and that was the main feature of this period.

My daughter's name is Somu Narasamma. She had two children. She had a small infant, new-born, they beat her up and raped and my son-in-law did not take her back. May he be ruined. The sangham people could not do anything when my daughter was ruined said Ailamma.

Today if you help one person it is as if you have done a great thing.

It is my name that has stood. Wherever I go the [party] folk come and say, 'one should be like Ailamma'”

How can the dream of a new order that the Sangham (organiz- ation) spoke ofever leave us and how can that hope die?' asks Chityala Ailamma.


Myth and reality: the struggle for freedom in India, 1945-47 - Page 474


Popular posts from this blog

Dakshin Ke Badrinath Temple, Hyderabad

Dakshin Badrinath replica of original Badrinath Temple popularly known Badrivishal Dham temple is located 40 kms from hyderabad in Plot No. 33/34, Sai Baba Enclave, GPR Housing Venture, Banda Mailaram, Mulug, Medichal District, Telangana 502336, India. This temple for lord Badrinarayan has been constructed by Uttarakhand Kalyankari Sanstha, a registered society formed by people of Uttarakhand residing or serving in Hyderabad. The two-storey temple occupies 6,750 square feet and stands 50 feet tall, same as the temple in Badrinath, Uttarakhand. The ground floor has a hall which can seat 350 people. On the first floor is the idol of Lord Badrinath. It will also have idols of Lord Ganesh, Kuber, Balram, Godeess Lakshmi, Nar-Narayan, Narada, and Garuda. Separate temples have been built for Lord Ganesh, Goddess Lakshmi and the Navagrahas in the premises. The temple's elevation will be 100% as the original Badrinath temple in Uttarakhand which will be a replica of Shri Badri Vishal Dham

Kakatiya Dynasty

c. 750 AD / 1149 AD - 1323 AD Founder : Venna Capitals : Anmakonda (Hanumakonda), Orugallu / Ekasilanagara   (Warangal) Languages : Telugu was the preferred language, Sanskrit, Kannada Religion : Jainism, Hinduism (Saivism) Royal Emblem : Garuda, Varaha  1149 AD : Tailapa-III or Kumara Tailapa was defeated by Kakatiya Prola II around 1149 AD and asserts his independence over Western Chalukyas.  1163 AD  Anumakonda inscription of Rudradeva alias  Prataparudra  I is the earliest known record that describes the Kakatiyas as a sovereign power. Kakatiyas are descendants of Karikala Chola King of Durjaya clan, who initially started as vassals of the Chalukyas in India, and later emerged as a ruling dynasty, with their capital at Kakatipura (probably named after the village diety, Kakatamma) or present day Warangal, in the state of Telangana, India. Madhavavarman, an ancestor of the Kakatiyas, obtained military strength by the grace of goddess Padmakshi. Kakatiyas were

Muthyam / Mutyala Dhara Waterfalls

Muthyam / Mutyam / Mutyala / Muthyala Dhara or Jalapatham or Veerabadhram Waterfalls is located near Veerabadaravaram village of Venkatapuram Mandal, Jayashankar Bhupalpally District, Telangana, India, is the country's third-highest waterfall. Flowing from a height of 700 metres, the water is blown by strong winds, giving it an appearance of a long snake. Although the lack of basic facilities at the site makes it unfavourable for trekking, tourists and nature enthusiasts flock to the area, as they can take a 10-kilometre walk among nature to reach the waterfall, due to the lack of proper roads. The Bheemunipadam waterfall, meanwhile, is famous for its rainbows during sunrise and sunset. It also has a 10-kilometre-long cave that tourists can explore. The water falls from a height of around 70 feet, forming a 200-foot-deep pool in a semi-circular enclosure. As per local traditions, it is believed that bathing in the waterfall can be therapeutic as the water mixes with rare medicinal

Telangana Rivers

Telangana has 2 main rivers Godavari and Krishna , which flows from West to East. The Godavari River is the second longest river in India after the river Ganges and the longest river in Peninsular India. The Krishna River or Kistna also called Krishnaveni is the third-longest river in India, after the Ganges and Godavari and the second longest river of the Peninsular India after Godavari.  Godavari River  - The river is also known as Dakshin Ganga and Gautami.  Origin : Western Ghats at Triambak near Nasik in Maharashtra Outflow : Bay of Bengal Elevation : 1067 meters (3500 ft) Length : 1,465 km (910 mi) Drainage : 312812  sq km States : Maharashtra, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry (Yanam) and Telangana Length in Telangana: 600 km Start in Telangana: Kandakurthy, Renjal Mandal, Nizamabad district End in Telangana: Bhadrachalam in Bhadradri Kothagudem district Drainage in Telangana: 58,808 sq km                           Districts :  Nizamabad, Nirmal,  Jagitial,  Ma

Krishna River

The Krishna River or Kistna also called Krishnaveni is the third-longest river in India, after the  Ganges  and  Godavari  and  the second longest  river of the Peninsular India after Godavari. It is also the fourth-largest in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India, after the Ganges, Godavari and Brahmaputra. Origin : Jor village, Mahabaleswar (Western Ghats), Satara district, Mahasrashtra State, India. Length : 1400 km (869.9 mi) Drainage : 258948 km Elevation : 1,337 m (4,386 ft) Outflow : Bay of Bengal, near Hamsaladeevi village in Diviseema, Koduru Mandal, Krishna District,   Andhra Pradesh State, India. States : Maharashtra 305 km (190 mi), Karnataka 483 km (300 mi),  Telangana and Andhra Pradesh 612 km (380 mi). Length in Telangana: Around 430 km Start in Telangana: Thangadigi village, Krishna Mandal, Narayanpet district. End in Telangana: Vajinepally, MellaCheruvu Mandal, Suryapet district. Telangana Districts : Narayanpet, Jogulambha Gadwal, Wanapar