Events Leading to Telangana State

September 17, 1948 : Telangana, was part of the erstwhile Hyderabad state which was merged into the Indian Union on 17 September, 1948.
January 26, 1950 : Central government appointed a civil servant, M K Vellodi, as the first Chief Minister of Hyderabad state on 26 January 1950. 
1952, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao was elected Chief Minister of Hyderabad state in the first democratic election.
November 1, 1953 : Andhra was the first state to be carved out (from erstwhile Madras state) on linguistic basis on 1 November, 1953. It had Kurnool town (in Rayalaseema region) as its capital after the death of Potti Sriramulu who sat on a 53-day fast-unto-death demanding the new state.
The proposal for amalgamation of Hyderabad state with Andhra state came up in 1953 and the then Chief Minister of Hyderabad state, Burgula Ramakrishna Rao, supported the Congress central leadership’s decision in this regard though there was opposition in Telangana region.
November 25, 1955 : Accepting the merger proposal, Andhra assembly passed a resolution on November 25, 1955 promising to safeguard the interests of Telangana.
February 20, 1956 : An agreement was reached between Telangana leaders and Andhra leaders on February 20, 1956 to merge Telangana and Andhra with promises to safeguard Telangana's interests. A “Gentlemen’s Agreement” was then signed by Bezawada Gopala Reddy and Burgula Ramakrishna Rao to the effect.
Eventually, under the States Re-organisation Act, Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad state were merged with Andhra state, giving birth to the state of Andhra Pradesh on 1 November, 1956.
The city of Hyderabad, the then capital of Hyderabad state, was made the capital of Andhra Pradesh state.

Events Leading to Telangana State

1969: ‘Jai Telangana’ movement for separate statehood to Telangana began. Over 300 people killed in police firing.

1972: ‘Jai Andhra’ movement began in coastal Andhra for separate Andhra State.

1975: Presidential order issued to implement Six Point Formula, providing some safeguards to Telangana.

1997: BJP supported demand for Telangana state; in 1998 election, it promised ‘one vote two states’

2001: K. Chandrasekhara Rao floated Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) to revive Telangana movement.

2004: TRS fought elections in alliance with Congress, wins five Lok Sabha and 26 assembly seats. UPA includes Telangana issue in common minimum programme.

2008: TDP announced support for Telangana demand.

2009: TRS contested elections in alliance with TDP but its tally came down to two Lok Sabha and 10 assembly seats.

Sep 2, 2009: Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy died in helicopter crash, triggering political uncertainty.

Oct 2009: Chandrasekhara Rao began fast—unto—death for Telangana state.

Dec 9, 2009: Centre announced decision to initiate the process for formation of Telangana state.

Dec 23, 2009: Following protests in Rayalaseema and Andhra regions (Seemandhra) and en mass resignations of MPs and state legislators, centre put the process on hold citing need for consensus.

Feb 3, 2010: Centre set up five—member Srikrishna committee to look into Telangana issue.

Dec 2010: Srikrishna committee submitted its report, suggested six options

Mar 10, 2011 : Million March
Even after turning entire Telangana region into an open jail, detaining more than a lakh people amd the police virtually laying siege to Hyderabad, the Andhra government could not stop the inevitable. 

The Telangana Joint Action Committee (TJAC) organized what it called a 'Million March'. A million people were to converge on the Tank bund. Thousands of policemen and paramilitary forces took positions to prevent agitators from not just making it to the venue but also into Hyderabad city itself. Votaries of Telangana from the nine Telangana districts, apart from Hyderabad, vowed to take over the Tank Bund. The government of the day was in a situation where it could not imagine what would happen. Barricades were set up at every conceivable place. Road blocks and police pickets gave no chance for people to march anywhere near the Tank Bund. That 'success' was for some hours. By afternoon, the Tank Bund was teeming with thousands of agitators. The outwitted police watched in horror at what was happening right in front of their eyes. The agitators destroyed the statues of Andhra poets and eminent persons which had been put up on the Tank Bund when N T Rama Rao was the chief minister. The statues were dumped in the Hussainsagar. TRS leader K Chandrasekhar Rao's nephew T Harish Rao gave a slip to the police who were trailing him, ran into the Lumbini Park, jumped on to a boat and rowed right up to the Buddha statue on the Gibraltor rock in Hussainsagar. If Harish Rao outwitted the police that way, a group of agitators made the police look silly. As if they were part of a marriage procession, the agitators marched to a local function hall. The police watched them, little realizing that they were protestors who were executing a plan to sneak on to the tank bund. The plan was a success and students and youth broke other barricades and ran on to the Tank Bund. The 'Million march' was a success though the number of protestors was not a million.

Breaking all the barricades, jumping over the barbed wire fencings and facing the brute force of the police and the paramilitary, Telangana supporters walked for several kilometres to gather at the Tank Bund of Hussain Sagar lake in the heart of the city and took a collective pledge to achieve their goal.

Sep 30, 2012 : Sagaraharam
It was a sea of humanity on the banks of Hussain Sagar lake in Hyderabad, as more than two lakh people from all parts of Telangana region converged to raise their voice demanding separate statehood.

Entire Hyderabad turned into a battle field as thousands of police forces and paramilitary forces including BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP, RAF and APSP were positioned at all vantage points to prevent the Telangana activists from entering the city. Apparently fearing violence, the South Central Railway today cancelled as many as 27 passengers trains, including local trains, while the APSRTC curtailed some of its bus services in the capital city.
However, within a couple of hours, thousands of Telangana activists started pouring in the city from all parts of the region despite preventive arrests of several of them in their respective districts. Raising slogans of 'Jai Telangana' amid the beating of drums and singing songs by Telangana artists, men, women and children from various sections gathered at the Necklace Road, leading to a tense atmosphere.
Braving the state police and central para-military forces which resorted to lathicharge, lobbed teargas shells, fired in the air and used water cannons, the people of Telangana under the aegis of Telangana Joint Action Committee, besides various political parties and organisations including the Congress, the BJP, the CPI, CPI (ML) New Democracy, Telangana Praja Front and Telangana United Front occupied the two km long stretch between Sanjeevaiah Park and P V Narasimha Rao ghat to take out the Telangana march, which was christened as "Sagara Haaram" (human chain around the lake).

Hundreds of Telangna activists suffered serious injuries in the clashes with the police, who lobbed hundreds of teargas shells to disperse the crowds at the Secretariat, Khairatabad, Telugu Talli statue and Osmania University.

Though the government had given permission for the activists to hold the rally only between 3 pm and 7 pm, the TJAC announced that they would not move from the venue till the Centre makes an announcement on the Telangana state formation. Some activists released a pamphlet at the meeting, calling upon the activists to convert the rally into a protest on the lines of Tahrir Square of Egypt in which lakhs of people gathered on roads for several days till President Hosni Mubarak fled the spot.

With the Telangana activists refusing to leave the place, the police forces first used water cannons and later lobbed tear gas shells directly at the stage to force the leaders to desert the venue. However, the TJAC leaders and political leaders on the stage refused to retreat.

TJAC chairman Prof M Kodandaram, who is spearheading the movement, announced that the agitation would take a serious turn, if the police continued to use repression to crush the agitation. He demanded that the Telangana ministers in the Kiran Kumar Reddy cabinet resign from their posts to bring pressure on the Centre to grant Telangana state.
July 30, 2013: UPA coordination panel and Congress Working Committee decided to carve out Telangana state. Protests in Seemandhra.

Oct 3, 2013: Union cabinet approved the proposal to divide Andhra Pradesh. A Group of Ministers (GoM) was constituted to prepare the roadmap after consultations with all stakeholders.

Oct 25, 2013: Chief Minister N. Kiran Kumar Reddy raised banner of revolt against Congress leadership. He wrote letters to president and prime minister urging them to stop bifurcation process.

Dec 5, 2013: Union cabinet approved draft Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill 2013 prepared on the basis of recommendations by the GoM. Bill sent to President Pranab Mukherjee with a request to make a reference to Andhra Pradesh legislature to obtain its views under Article 3 of the Constitution.

Dec 9: The President gave time till Jan 23 to the state legislature to give its views.

Dec 12, 2013: Bill brought to Hyderabad in a special aircraft and amid tight security.

Dec 16, 2013: Bill introduced in both houses of state legislature amid clashes between Seemandhra and Telangana lawmakers.

Jan 8, 2014: After disruptions for several days, debate finally began on the bill in assembly and council.

Jan 21, 2014: State government sought four more weeks to debate the bill. The President gave one week.

Jan 27, 2014: Chief Minister Kiran Kumar Reddy gave notice to assembly speaker for a resolution to reject the bill.

Jan 30, 2014: Amid ruckus, both houses of state legislature passed by a voice vote official resolutions, rejecting the bill and appealing to the President not to send the bill to parliament.

Feb 5, 2014: Chief minister staged sit—in in Delhi to oppose bifurcation.

Feb 7, 2014: Union cabinet cleared the bill and rejected Seemandhra leaders’ demand to make Hyderabad a union territory. Bill sent to the President for his approval to table it in parliament.

Feb 11, 2013: Congress expelled six MPs from Seemandhra for moving no—confidence motion against government.

Feb 13, 2014: Bill introduced in Lok Sabha amid clashes between MPs from Seemandhra and Telangana.

The Lok Sabha turned into a battlefield with senior MPs scuffling as home minister Sushilkumar Shinde introduced the Telangana bill around noon. The UPA government struggled to table the bill as expelled Congress MP Lagadapati. Rajagopal heightened the drama by spraying pepper spray in the air after being stopped from rushing to the Speaker's chair. The pepper spray left several parliamentarians, staff and journalists coughing and teary-eyed. Many MPs tried to rush outside to avoid the smell and chemical effects of the spray.

TDP MP Venugopal Reddy broke the Speaker's microphone, while TV reports also claimed he brandished a knife during House proceedings. The lawmaker, however, denied the allegation saying he was merely waving the Speaker's mic.

Speaker suspended 16 MPs including Rajagopal for rest of the session.

Feb 18, 2014: Lok Sabha passes Telangana 
State bill.
On June 2, 2104, K Chandrasekhar Rao takes oath as the first chief minister of Telangana, India's 29th state.