Nirmal Rural Tourism

Nirmal is a city and the district headquarters of Nirmal district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is famed for its toys made out of wood. Nirmal paintings and Nirmal Toys (Wooden Handicrafts) and Nirmal Furniture are named after the town of Nirmal in Telangana.

Geographical Indication (GI) tag
Nirmal Toys and Crafts and Nirmal Furniture got Geographical Indication (GI) tag in 2009

Nirmal town in Telangana has always been considered as the gifted land related to art and crafts. The art community of craftsmen in this town are called as ‘Naqash’ and they have made this region, quite famous for the Nirmal paintings. The paintings capture rustic ethos to splendid royal environment, and right from flora to fauna, there are an explicit array of beautiful expressions which are portrayed in myriad colours and attractive forms on Nirmal products.

This town is very acclaimed for the Nirmal artistic creations and toys. From the natural ethos to the regal condition, from verdure to fauna, an unequivocal exhibit of articulations is depicted in horde hues and structures on Nirmal items.

Nirmal town has gotten interchangeable with lovely artistic creation everywhere throughout the world and involves pride for Telangana. Nirmal artists additionally make lacquered furniture, boxes, bowls, huge screens, plate, toys, and pictures, which are painted with artfulness and meticulousness.

Frames, shields and corporate gifts, nameplates, utility things create the scope of items.There are artworks done even on the entryway, divider embellishment and so on.The artistic creations are skilled as gifts and are considered as glad belongings by admirers of craftsmanship and workmanship authorities.

Painters and experts from all over India visit Nirmal to purchase these works of art, as well as exploring the procedure wherein the artworks, are done, directly from the readiness of the solicit to the extraction of natural hues and style of painting.

Most of the Nirmal Paintings consist of traditional art scenes drawn from the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharata, influenced by other schools of art from earlier times like Kangra, Ajanta and also Mughal miniatures. This art form received great patronage during the Mughals and the Nizams too. There are many colours used in Nirmal Paintings, and most of them are derived from natural sources. The motifs used are quite popular with attractive finish on the canvass. Birds are depicted very attractively and the world-class export quality of these paintings has earned wide recognition and rewards. Lepakshi Handicrafts offers Nirmal paintings at reasonable prices. These are ideal to decorate your drawing rooms and they can also be gifted as cherished souvenirs.

The evolution of this Nirmal art and craft can be traced back to old days of Kakatiya dynasty. This craft is a form of lacquered woodwork that was born in Nirmal town and since then, this art has remained an attraction through all these ages and now days it is made both in Nirmal town and Hyderabad. The motifs used are frescoes from Ellora and Ajanta and Mughal miniatures, and floral designs

During all these years, Nirmal work has evolved to cater to the new needs. Besides the wall hangings, Nirmal craftsmen also crafted exquisite lacquered furniture, large screens, boxes, bowls, trays, toys, and pictures. Assortments of decorative and utilitarian articles are crafted in Nirmal art style. 

The master craftespersons of Nirmal originally made gold colour from the juices of herbs. The paintings are in gold on dark backgrounds and are remarkably attractive. Popular items include jewellery and ornament boxes made of poniki wood, food tray covers, playing cards, ganjifa boxes and many more items. A large variety of products, wall plaques, furniture, screens, panels, , bowls, lamp stands trinket boxes, and ashtrays, are made.

Nirmal toys are copies of natural forms and artists only make animals and birds. Poniki wood is used for small products and teak wood for larger items. Wall plaques with painted flying birds are also common, as are brightly colored depictions of fruits, vegetables, and animals.

Creation of Nirmal Paintings
The technique involves lacquering the wood surface and then painting the precise design. The conventional designs can be traced and drawn in chalk on any composition board or smoothened wood and then painted in bright and flat colors while are often touched up with gold and finally varnished.

The organic colors used are made from herbs, gums, and minerals. The gold which is found in this work is extracted from herbal juices. The Painting of mughal miniatures on white wood ponki is very attractive. As these items age, they acquire an exquisite muted glow which is simply impeccable. 

Tella Poniki tree
In initial days, white wood of Tella Poniki tree was utilized as a painted board for painting, which is fascinatingly exceptional.With changes over numerous years, the craftsmen acquainted Indian teak wood due with its delicate grain surface, quality, and lightweight and life quality.mConventional structures are followed or attracted chalk on smoothened wood or creation board and are painted in level, splendid hues and frequently finished up with gold and afterwards stained. When the artistic creations are finished, clear splash is utilized on the frames for water opposition and radiance.The Nirmal painting of Mughal miniatures is profoundly alluring.With maturing, they obtain an exceptional quieted shine that is viewed as perfect.

Tools and Raw Materials
  1. Teak wood is used to create a frame of the painting.
  2. Oil paints for adding the colour to the painting.
  3. Paintbrushes as a tool to fill colour to the painting.
  4. Spray paints to be used after the painting is finished as protection from the water and to add shine.
  5. Varnish spray for a glossy effect.
  6. Luppa paints to prevent colour absorption when oil paint has been used on the surface of the wood.
  7. Enamel paints replaced natural paints.
  8. Wood sheets of different sizes in the form of base planks.
  9. Drilling machine to drill the holes.
  10. Cutting machine to cut big pieces into small.
  1. Initially, the wood is cut into the required size and a rectangular casing is made. 
  2. The casing is smoothened utilizing sandpaper. The edge is additionally covered with a few layers of Luppam paint.
  3. Luppam Paint (NC Patti) is covered on the rectangular moulded wood load up for around 5 to multiple times.
  4. This paint assimilates the dampness from the wood and causes the wood to keep going for a long time.
  5. In the wake of applying Luppam paint, different hues are utilized for painting the foundation.
  6. At long last, the readied wooden board is joined to the edge.
  7. As a rule, the board sizes are of 8/11, 17/11 and 24/16 measurements.
How is the frame prepared
  1. Prior to painting, the craftsmen create a frame of various sizes according to the assessed size of conclusive paint to be painted.
  2. Luppa Paint (NC Patti) is covered on the wood board that is of the rectangular shape around 5 to multiple times.
  3. This paint retains the dampness from the wood and causes the wood to keep going for long. 
  4. Post application of Luppa paint dark paint is sprayed for the foundation.
  5. Initially, the wood is cut into the required size and a rectangular frame is made.
  6. The frame is smoothened utilizing sandpaper.
  7. The casing is additionally covered with a few layers of Luppa paint.
Nirmal toys are made from extract of herbs which provides them with a golden sheen. They are generally models of human occupations, fruits, and animals. There are many similarities amid the Kondapally and Nirmal toys as they are made from the same kind of wood during their manufacturing process.
But the Kondapally toys are generally coated with plain water colors whereas the Nirmal toys are particularly embellished with oil paints. Both these kinds of toys are treated with special tamarind paste in the primary stage before they are painted.

The prominent difference amid these is that after treating, the complete Nirmal toy is covered with fabric, rather than lime blue which are used for Kondapally toys.

Where to Shop in Hyderabad
Lepakshi Handicraft Emporium situated in Gun Foundry of Hyderabad and Minerva Complex on S.D. Road of Secunderabad.

Kalanjali Arts and Crafts Nampally in Hyderabad

The crafts museum Calcutta emporium which lies behind the lepakshi gun foundry in Hyderabad

Central cottage industries emporium in Minerva complex, on S.D. road in Secunderabad.

Cauvery Karnataka state Arts and Crafts emporium which lies in the seven hills plaza on S.D. Road Secunderabad.