Zaffergadh Fort and Velpugonda Narasimha Swamy Temple

Zaffergadh Fort is located in Zaffergadh village and a mandal in Jangaon district of Telangana state in India. The original name of Zaffargadh was Velpugonda. 

Zaffergadh got its name from a Muslim ruler Zaffarudhaula who made this place capital of his dynasty.

The village of Zaffargadh is situated in the valley between the hills on eastern and western sides. The hills are known as Chinnagutta and Peddagutta. There is a self manifested Lakshminarasimha Swamy Temple on Peddagutta. 

The village and the hills are surrounded by a rampart, 5 km in circumference. Around the rampart there is a deep moat. Three darwazas (inlets) were constructed to regularize the incoming and outgoing traffic. The darwazas are namely the Khammam darwaza Patnam darwaza and Hanamkonda darwaza. The doors of the darwazas are 10 feet wide and 20 feet in height. The bastions and gates are mounted with huge iron cannons.

According to a Rashtrakuta inscription carved on the rock wall of the tank of the Lakshminarasimha Swamy hillock (Peddagutta) here, Sankaraganda of Rashtrakuta line of chiefs is believed to have constructed the tank on the hillock. On the back side of the hillock a Trikuta Temple, Garuda pillar and a Vishnu temple of Kakatiya period and a mosque are located. This area was occupied by Muslim rulers in the medieval times after the fall of Kakatiyas of Warangal in 1323 CE. 

Zaffruddoula, a Subedar of Golconda Nawabs (1760 AD) was the ruler of this area. With the aim of becoming an independent ruler of this area he had constructed an impregnable fort. Before his designs could be fructified, the Nawabs of the Golconda reportedly came to know about his plans and put him to death.

Historical Zaffergadh Twin Forts an ideal Spot for Trekking with great atmosphere. The climb up the hill presents you with panoramic views of nature.

Swayambhu Sri Velpugonda Narasimha Swamy Temple 
Historic Swayambhu Sri Velpugonda Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple on Top of the Hill with a Beautiful Small Pond.

This temple has a sacred story associated with it. According to a legend there was a pandit in this town of Zaffargadh who in his dream saw Narashimha Swamy who telling him that Lord manifested himself on this hill. Pandit was given the detailed position of manifestation by Narshimha Swamy himself and was asked to spread this to people to this town. Pandit then followed his dream and went to the location on this hill where he located Narashimha Swamy's idol at the location of manifestation. After this, people in this town constructed a temple where they found Sawmy's idol. There is a water sources on this hill where exactly at noon Narashimha Sawmy takes dip in the water and does Surya namaskara by standing at the same place every day. You can see Swamy's footprints at this location. You can actually hear the sound of Swamy taking the dip at noon every day and thereafter you can notice that these foot prints are wet. There is no proper steps/way to get to this temple and that is one of the reason why it did not become popular and not lot of people know about this temple outside of people around this area. You have to literally climb through this hill to get to this temple. No one is supposed to be staying on the hill after dark.

Develop Zaffargadh Fort into a tourist destination: Villagers
Built in the 17th century, the Zaffargadh Fort in Jangaon district lies in a dilapidated condition. Cracks have begun to appear in the stone structure of the fortification bastions. Residents have asked the State government to start renovation works at the fort and develop it into a tourist spot. The Zaffargadh Fort was built by Zaffarudhaula, a subedar of the Golconda Nawabs, who was planning to become an independent ruler of the area. He constructed the impregnable fort to fortify his stance. However, he was killed before the entire fort could be completed. 

Cracks have also appeared on the gateways and a portion of the walls, which connects the fort to another structure, has gaping holes. The Zaffargadh village is situated in the valley between the hills on the eastern and western sides. The villagers call the hills Chinnagutta and Peddagutta. The fort was constructed with stones having massive bastions and gateways at four corners of the fortifications with mounted iron cannons.

Three darwaza (inlets) — Khammam darwaza, Patnam darwaza and Hanamkonda darwaza — were constructed. A Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy temple is situated on Peddagutta. The State Archaeology Department has declared Zaffargadh Fort as an ancient monument and notified it as a protected structure under Section 30(1) of the State Archaeological and Remain Act, 1960. No efforts have been made to either protect or renovate the monument.

996 AD - 1052 AD : Recherla Brahma or Bamma
Founder : General of Beta I (996 AD - 1052 AD)
Defeated a Choda King and carried away as a trophy of war the doors of kanchi.

1052 AD - 1076 AD : Recherla Muccha
General of Prola I (1052 AD - 1076 AD)

1076 AD - 1108 AD : Recherla Kata I / Kataya
Sura senani killed Kataya nayaka ( Kata I / Kataya Recherla General of Beta II :1076 AD - 1108 AD) and made a person called Rawanrupa  or Ravva Nripa as the ruler of Velpugonda.

1108 A.D : Rawanrupa  or Ravva Nripa
This Viriyala Sura was the son of Erra and Kāmasāni . Sura senani had become famous after Erra Narendra. According to the Gudur inscription, Sura senani killed Kataya nayaka ( Kata I / Kataya Recherla General of Beta II :1076 AD - 1108 AD) and made a person called Rawanrupa  or Ravva Nripa as the ruler of Velpugonda.

1124 AD : Viriyala Malla
Records the endowment of village Bammera in the Velupugonda 24 division by Malla of this family who was the son of Beta and grand son of Sura

1116 AD - 1157 AD : Kama Chamupati
General of Prola II (1116 AD - 1157 AD)

1760 AD : Zaffarudhaula

The gateway to Zaffargadh Fort in Jangaon district lies in a deplorable state


  1. Wonderful place zaffargadh (velpugonda)


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