Kodur

Kodur is called Kodurapura in olden times is located in Nagarjurnool district.

Most of Nagarkurnool district, Amangal in Rangareddy district,  Devarakonda, Miryalaguda in Nalgonda district are parts of Kodurapura during Koduru branch of Kandur Chodas rule.

1046 AD : Bijjarasa
10th April, A.D. 1046 : Kurumiddi, Kalwakurthy 
This inscription is on a well called Reddi bavi outside the village. Records the grant of two-thirds share of the agrahara of Kurumiddi in Koduru 300 by maneverggade Kuchimayya, on the occasion of Solar eclipse, while mahamandalesvara Koduru Bijjarasa was ruling, as the subordinate of the Western Chalukya king Trailokyamalla Somesvara-I. The record begins with the usual prasasti of the western chalukyas of Kalyana and gives a lengthy prasasti of Bijjarasa. He was described as udaramahesvaram, Satyayudhishtira, Ripubalanishturam, Saurya marthandam, Kadana prachandam, Saraswati mukha ratna bhushana. (ornament to the face of Goddess Saraswati), Samaraika bhushana, and the engraver of the inscription was Karanam Nagadevaya.

1048 AD : Samkarasa
Mahamandalesvara Samkarasa, figuring in a record dated Saka 970 (A.D. 1048). claims a victory over Chakra-kuta and endows the village of Chavunpalli, situated in Kudukuli- 13 included in Eltapi-90 which was a kampana or division of Vaddavana-500, for the upkeep of a sattra attached to the temple of Agastheswara, while he was camping at Tiviri in Kodaregada-nadu.

1054 AD : Kanduru Anemarasa 
10th March, 1054 AD : Anemarasa lord of Kodur
This inscription is on a stone pillar near the Bhairava temple. Incomplete. Records some grant as sravabadhaparihara by Kamarasa and Dadikoram barmayyar with the permission of Padiyaram Kuppayya in Koduru while mahamandalesvara Anemarasadeva was ruling over Koduru-300. Also mentions a certain Annam Bhimarasar.

1087 AD - 1097 AD Tonda II son of Bhimachoda II
25th December A.D. 1087 : Kolanupaka, Bhuvanagiri This inscription is from the old collection of D.V. Ramanacahrlu. Fragmentary. The beginning and the grant portions are missing. It seems to refer to the reign of Chalukya Tribhuvanamalla ruling from Kalyana. His subordinate Mahamandalesvara Kandura Tondaya Chola maharaja of Kasyapa gotra, Karikalan Vaya and solar race and the lord of Kodurpura, ruling Kollipaka-7000 province seems to have made some gift for the amga-ramga bhoga of the god Somesvara.

24th December A.D. 1088 : Kolanupaka
This inscription refers to the reign of the Western Chalukya king Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI. It is dated the Chalukya-Vikrama year 13, Vibhava, Uttarayana-sankramana. The said Sankramana of the specified year occurred on A.D.1088, December 24.

The epigraph introduces the king's feudatory Mahamandalesvara Tondarasa Chola- maharaja of Kandur, of the solar race and Kandur, of the solar race and Karikala`s lineage lord of foremost town of Kodur, who was ruling the province of Kollipake-Seven-Thousand.

It records the gift of land and other gifts to the god Uttaresvara by this chief and other officials. The gift was received by Ramesvara Pandita of the Kalamukha lineage.

21st May A.D. 1091 : Kolanupaka
This inscription is from the old collection of D.V. Ramanacahrlu. This inscription refers to the prosperous reign of the Chalukya king Tribhuvanamalla, ruling from Kalyana. His subordinate Mahamandalesvara, Kandura Tondaya Chola Maharaja of Kasyapa gotra, Karikatanvayaard Suryavamsa and the lord of Kodurupura is stated to have made the gift of Baliya Duddandi in Manemagga-70, as sarvana-amasya, to the god Somesvara of Kollipaka- 7000, the capital town, for the renovation work and feeding the ascetics.

24th December A.D. 1092 : Koppale, Devarakonda Taluk. : Western Chalukya.
This inscription on a stone set up on the tank bund. It refers merely to the Chalukya Vikrama Kala. It records the gift of the tank at Kroprolu and some revadu land at O(bi)jalapattu to certain Bilrikamti Anamta [Chimka] pandita for [maintaining] the choultry attached to Rudresvaradeva (temple) by Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Tondaya Choda Maharaja, of Suryavamsha, Kasyapagotra and Karikalanvaya. The title Kodurupaka-varadhi vara which appears in his Kolanupaka inscription is not mentioned here.

1097 AD - 1116 AD : Mallarasa or Mallikarjunachoda brother of Tonda II
1105 AD : we have a record set by Kanduri Bhima Choda in the Chalukya Vikrama year 29, A.D. 1105 at Ramalingalagudem, near Nalgonda. 

Amarabad : This inscription is on the pillar in the Siva temple. Dated C.V.E. 30, Durmati, Ashadha su. 8. Saturday. Records the gift of oil, rukas etc., for the perpetual lamps etc., to Ramesvaradeva by Dhennamma devi, chief queen of Kanduri Nalla Bhimadeva Choda Maharaja.

Lord of Kodurapura
25th December A.D. 1107 : Alampur, Mahaboobnagar District.
This inscription is dated C.V.E. 32, Sarvajit, Uttarayana Samkranti (A.D. 1107, Dec. 25, Wed ?). Records the gift of income from certain taxes and fines collected in the village Kandanavola on the Tungabhadra to the god Brahmesvara by Mahamandalesvara Mallarasa lord of Koduru, after loving the feet of mahasthsanapati Dharanindrarasi Pandita.

1116 AD - 1121 AD : Kanduri Nalla Bhimadeva Choda maharaja.
Choda chief , Nalla Bhimadeva - Choda , who is described as mahamandalesvara , Kodurpuravaresvara and as one who belongs to Surya - vamsa , Kasyapa - gotra and Karikala - anvaya .
18th June, 1116 AD : Gattuthimmam, UdimillaAchempet Taluk
This inscription is on a pillar in the mandap of Rameswara Swamy temple. Registers the gift of 18 tumus towards the daily rites of God Ramesvara of Tumenti and one ma of ghee towards perpetual lamp, and 24 rukas from Siddhayamu towards 24 vidyas by Vennamahadevi, the chief queen of Kanduri Nalla Bhimadeva Choda maharaja.

1110 AD - 1121 AD : Kumara Tailapa (Tailapa III)
29th October, A.D. 1110 : Alwanipalli.
This inscription is on two pieces in the compound of Anjaneya temple in the centre of the village. Begins with the prasasti of the Western Chalukya King Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI, and mentions his son and crown prince mahamandalesvara yuvaraja Tailapadeva. It describes certain Municipal regulations pertaining to the capital town of Koduru, formulated by the prince with the consent of the residents.

14th August A.D. 1121 : Nekkonda
Begins with the prasasti of Kumara Tailapadeva, the king's son by Chandala devi and states that he was ruling from Kodur with his queen Lakshmi devi and sons Permadi and Birideva. It registers the gift of the village Budupura in Kanderu-70 in Nurumbada of Kanduru 1000 for worship and repairs to the temple of the God Ramesvara of Nekonda and for feeding the ascetics.

1121 AD - 1128 AD : Kanduri Gokarna Deva Choda Maharaja
28th June, 1121 AD : Yeleswaram, Nalgonda District
This inscription is on Khazana building museum, dated C.V E. 33, [A D. 1110], Plava, Ashada, su. 11, Thursday [June 28, A.D. 1121]. Records a gift of the village Koduru to the god Yeleswara Deva by Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Gokarna Deva Choda Maharaja of the Karikala dynasty, and who was the ruler of Kodurpuravara. 

30th January A.D. 1128 : Anamala, Miryalaguda Taluk. : Western Chalukya
The record refers to the reign of the Chalukya king Bhulokamalladeva. His subordinate Mahamandalesvara Kanduru Gokarna Choda of the Solar race, Kasyapagotra and Karikalanvaya, the lord of Kodurupura is stated to have made the gift of twelve puttis and two marturs of wetland and two gardens given by the king at Elisvara, to the god Varadesvara of Alamala for his own merit.

1128 AD - 1131 AD : Sridevi Tondaya was the son of Udayaditya I, elder brother of Gokarna and Bhima Ch┼Źda . 
1128 AD : Anamala, Miryalaguda Taluk.
Belonging to the same period are two epigraphs from Anamala in Miryalaguda Taluk. They belong to the Kanduri Choda family which paid allegiance to the Western Chalukyas of Kalyani. One of them, dated Saka 1050 (A.D. 1128), was issued by Sridevi Tondaya and is silent about the overlord, suggesting an independant status.

This inscription is on a stone pillar set up in the fields towards the west of the village. The inscription records that Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Sridevi Tondaya of Kasyapa-gotra, Karikalanvaya, and solar race, the lord of Kodurupura granted the prabhutva (lordship) of Alamula included in Cheraku-70 (region) with ashtabhogatejas-svamyatas to Ajjala Erayana- peggada. The record, on the other three sides contains Telugu verses in Kanda and one in Champakamala metres, stating that certain Prolemaraja-amarya obtained (from the king) vrittis consisting of Chagamari-12 and Dodidorti-12 and other things. The Champakamala verse states the various royal insignia obtained by Proleyamatya which include, adapamu (betel bag),andalamu (palanquin), (royal) seats kamchagattu (.............), vichchadiya (permission to pay royal visits?), dharalu (swords), savadi-samkhulu (sounding conch shells), bherulu (beating drums), gamgu-gondamu (......), godugulu (umbrellas), pili (elephant), barha-kunta (peacock- fans?) and kham-vitanamu (...).

The last verse states that Adapa-Erayan-peggade obtained the prabhutva (lordship) from Tondaraja of the line of Jata Choda. From this record we understand that the Choda family of Kanduru belonged to the line of Jata Choda of Eruva as said in the Vollala inscription of Mallikarjuna Choda (Ep. Andhrica IV p.26). Secondly, Sridevi Tondaya, the donor of this record is not properly identifiable among the known members of the Kanduri Choda chiefs. Thirdly, it is not known how Proleyaraja-amatya and Erayana peggada were related to each other.

1131 AD : Adavi-Devulapalli, Miryalaguda Taluk
This inscription is on a slab lying in front of the Chennakesava temple. Records the installation of the deity Ramaramana at the place called Bauddham situated on the bank of the river Krishna by mahamandalesvara Kandari Tondaya-chada, who is described as Koduri- puravaradhisvara and belonging to Kasyapa-gotra and Karikalanvaya. While he was ruling from his capital Panugallur over Kandara nadu Vinuribada-nadu and Kondapalli-nadu, his minister Gopati son of Medama granted two khandugas of hand and taxes (sunkas) for maintaining perpetual lamp to the above deity.

1136 AD - 1178 AD : Udayana Choda Maharaja II
20th April, 1148 AD : Endabatti
Records the installation of an accompanying deity, Vaishravana Bhatti in the treasury of the Kesavadeva temple, in the village Endabarthi in Koduru 300 by the residents of the village Bachanayaka and Bhimanayaka with the approval of the innumerable mahajanas and sarvajna Vasudeva Bhattopadhyaya while mahamandaleshwar Kanduri Udayana Choda maharaju was ruling.

24th February A.D. 1149 : Srikonda
This inscription is on a slab set up near the ruined Siva temple near the tank bund. The record refers to the reign (Pratapa) of Chakravarti Jagadekamalla.

It stated that, Mahamandalika Ketaya of the Pallava lineage, obtained Kondapalli Nadu means of charter from Mahamandalesvara Koduru Udayana Choda Maharaja was ruling Sirikonda-rajya and made the gift lands and tolls on various articles of merchandise the gods Juvvesvara, Bhimesvaradeva, Kedaradeva, Jinadeva, Narayanadeva installed his father Juvvanayaka and brahmanas.

25th December, A.D.1162 : Jadcherla
This inscription is on a slab erected in the compound of Venkateswara temple. Records that the revenue officers dandanayaka Nalla Sidhamaya and Erra Sidhamaya of Udayana Choda maharaja granted two perpetual lamps to Svayambhu Somanadhadeva of Koduru. They also granted five gokarna singa rukas from the collective revenue of Gangapuram towards daily offerings. It is also mentioned that all future revenue officers should pay five rukis every month without failing them.


1178 AD - 1235 AD : Bhimachoda IV and Gokarnachoda II


1235 AD : Udayaditya Choda son of Somanathadeva
1235 AD : Edampalli, Devarakonda Taluk.
This inscription is on a stone in the field outside the village. The inscription registers the gift of his part (palu) of the village Nalladamapalli for the amgaramga bhogas and offerings to the god Mahesvara by Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Udayaditya Choda Maharaja of Kasyapa gotra, Karikalanvaya and solar race, the lord of Kodurupura for the merit of his father Somanathadeva.

1268 AD : Rudradeva, son of Gokarnadeva Vallabharaja

1282 AD : Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Ramanathadeva choda Maharaja 
16th April A.D. 1282 : Agamotukuru, Miryalaguda Taluk.
This inscription is on a stone pillar in front of the Anjaneya temple. The inscription,  refers itself to the happy reign of Kakatiyya Rudra Mahadevulu and introduces her subordinate Mahamandalesvara Kanduri Ramanathadeva choda Maharaja of Kasyapa Gotra,  Karikalanvaya and solar race and the lord of Kodurpura. He is said to have installed the god Viramalnathadeva after his father and endowed it with several gifts of lands as vrittis and monetary income out of tolls (sumka) and taxes (ari) in the village of Mrontukuru. The last portion of the record is the schedule of daily offerings to the god as follows: Rice of Rajana variety = 3 tumus: green gram 3 addas; ghee - 3 tavvas; specials - 2; payasa; good curries - 10;
curd - 3 adda; pepper - 1/2 sola; imiguva -3 sinnas; betel nuts - 15, leaves - 45; sandal - 20, palas per annum; Musk and camphor.

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