Mahisha Chutu or Naga Dynasty

c. 280 AD - 310 AD : Mahisha Saka Chutu Dynasty ( c.181 - 310 AD)
Capital : Banavasi or Vanavasi in present-day Karnataka state.
Founder : Rano Chutukulananda
Langauges : Prakrit
Religion : Budhism
Emblem : Chutu inscriptions contain the emblem of the cobra hood implying Chutu meant the "cobra crest"

Chutus were originally Sakas and that they became feudataries of Satavahana after Gautamiputra Satakarni occupied extensive territories from Nahapana. One member of the Chutu family was appointed Mahasenapati in the Kondapur region and another was appointed to govern Gautamiputra's new acquired city of Banavasi. Chutu family became the masters of Kuntala

Chutus rose to power in the Kuntala region after the fall of the Satavahanas. Some scholars consider Chutu - kula to be a branch of the Satavahana - kula merely on the strength of a common surname. After the demise of Satavahana emperor Gautami-putra Yajna Satakarni in 181 CE, the old dynasty (Satavahanas) lost control of the western provinces, which passed into the hands of another family of Satakarnis, the Chutu-kula. 

Mahisha Saka dynasty comprised the southern part of the former Hyderabad State , which was called Mahishaka in ancient times. Mahishaka dynasty proves that the area was ancient Mahishamandala.

Chutus took possession of the south - western parts and extended their power in the north and east ; and the Pallavas filled the political vacuum in the south - eastern tracts. 

Chukula Nanda

Mula Nanda

Vadala Nanda

Sadakana Kalalaya Maharathi
Coins resemble the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni

Mahasenapathi Sumahagamaka
Coins from Kondapur excavations

Maharathi Sadakana Chutu Krishna
Coins discovered at Chandravalli and Kondapur bear the legend "Maharathi Sadakana Chutu Krishna"
Maharathi and Ananda Coins


c. 181 AD : Saka or Saga Mana Mahisha
The reverse motif resembles the swastika-type coins of Mahasenapathi Saka or Saga Mana Chutukulasa Mahisha son of Bhardvaja discovered in the excavation at Kondapur.
Copper coins in Hyderabad of Rano Saka Mana Mahsasa. 
Became King from Mahasenapathi around 181 AD

Sivala Mahisha or Vishnurudra Sivalananda Satakarni
Coin found in Hyderabad

Yasa Mahisha : Coin found in mask, Raichur

219 AD : 11th year of Santamula, Maharaja of Vanavasa married Mahadevi Kodabalisiri, daughter of the Ikshvaku king Vira-purusha-datta.

278 AD : Year 30 (variously ready as 30, 9, 20 of King King Vasisthiputra Vasusena the Abhira fortnight 6 of the rainy season 2 day 1 which is 257, 268 or 278

By the great village chief, the great talavara, the great commander, Sivaseba of the Peribidehas of the Kuasika gotra this image of lord Astbhujasvamin, made from udumbara wood, which had never been moved from Sanjayapuri from its place, by the kings Saka Rudradaman of Avanti and Visnurudra Sivalanda Sataakrni of Vanavasa has been installed on Sedagiri.

The engraver is Vardhamanaka belonging to sembaka family
Suryavamsi reads last line as Abhira Samvat 100, 303 AD.
Sarma reads last line as 47 year Rksadesa/kalacuri-ceda era 295 AD

Around 280 AD Haritiputra Vinhukada Chutukulananda Satakarni might have defeated Abheeras and occupied telangana region

c. 280 - c. 292 AD : Haritiputra Vinhukada Chutukulananda Satakarni
Wife Nagamulanika : Mother of Skandanaga Sataka, Sister of Dhanasena
Coins of Rano Chutukadanamdasa were discovered from Karwar and Banavasi
King of Vaijayantipura
Kanheri Cave Inscription Year 9
Vanavasi Stone Inscription Year 12 
Haritiputra-Satakarni issued an order to the chief revenue commissioner Mahavallabha-Rajjuka to grant a village of Sahalavati to a certain Kondamana as a Brahmin endowment 

289 AD : The Kottampalugu inscription, dated 11th year of king Ehuvula Camtamula II records the construction of a vihara of Kodabalisiri (Kundavallisri), Mahadevi of the Maharaja of Banavasaka daughter of Virapurushadatta.

The most significant objects within the Banavasi Madhukeshava Temple  premises are the inscribed Naga sculpture, the highly ornate stone cot. The inscribed Naga sculpture carved on a thin rectangular slab has an ornate five-hooded coiled serpent as the central figure with an inscription in nail headed Brahmi characters (2nd centuries AD) and Prakrit language along the side borders. 

It records the gift of this artistic Naga image along with a tank and a vihara by Sivaskanda Nagasri, daughter of Haritiputra Vinhukada Chutukulananda Satakarni in his 12th regnal year.

Another record states that king Satakami had a daughter named Mahabhoja-Nagasri who made a grant of a tank and a Vihara to the Madhukeswara temple

c. 292 - c. 310 AD : Skandanaga
Skanda Naga extends the Chutu realm to Aparanta north of modern Bombay. 
Alliance between Pallavas and Chutus : A Pallava prince married the daughter of the King Śiva - Skanda - Nâga - Śâtakarṇi , and inherited the throne of Kanchi.

It is these Chutukula successors in the territory immediately adjoining that of the Pallavas that must be the Naga family by a marriage alliance with Simhavarman I (c.310 AD) son Siva-skanda-varman who must have defeated Skandanaga around 310 AD, This changed status of the kings can also be seen especially in the Manchikallu stone inscription of Simhavarman I, the Mayidavolu plates of his son yuvamaharaja Sivaskandavarman