Khilla Ghanpur Fort

Khilla Ghanpur Fort is located in Ganpur village & Mandal, Wanaparthy District, Telangana State, India.

This hill fort was built by joining two mountains by Recharla Padma Nayakulu and Gona Ganapa reddy in 13th century. This fort has witnessed many wars between Bahamanis, Vijayanagara Kings, Bijapur Kings and Qutb Shahi Kings etc. The cannons which still exist have been kept on the top most side of the fort. We can also see palace and ministers houses ruins.

The name of Ghanapuram Khilla came into existence from the name of Kakatiya Ruler Sri Ganapathi Deva. The village was Naginenipally before it is named after Kakatiya Ruler Ganapathideva by Gona Ganna Reddy. People believe that there are two secret tunnels inside of the fort. One is connected with the village at the bottom of the mountain and the other one is connected to the Panagal fort. After Buddapuram war, Kakatiya's last king Pratapa Rudra married to Gona Ganna Reddy's daughter in this Fort.

The fort has beautiful rockscapes and greenery with 2 ponds which were used as drinking water supply for the fort army. There are many adventure activities that can be done here including rappelling, rock climbing, caving etc.

Khilla Ghanpur or Ghanpur, Wanaparthy district was ruled by Recharla, Malyala and Gona dynasties in 13th century.Recharla, Gona and Malyala Dynasty Kings]were the Feudatores of Kakatiya Kings. Khilla Ghanpur has a fort and a lake (known as Ganapa Samudram) built during Kakatiya dynasty rule. The lake, Ganapa Samudram, was constructed by the King Malyala Gunda Dandadeeshudu (also known as Malyala Gundanna) during Rudrama Devi’s rule. Malyala Gunda Dandadeeshudu married Gona Budda Reddy’s daughter.

Gona kings and Malyala kings were loyal to Kakatiya kings. Gona Budda Reddy had 3 sons and 1 daughter. Gona Ganapa Reddy( also known as Gona Ganna Reddy), Gona Kacha Reddy, Gona Vitalanatha and Kappambhika. Kacha Reddy and Vitalanatha Reddy were poets, who penned to complete the Ranganatha Ramayanam started by their father, Gona Budda Reddy.( Ranganatha Ramayanam was the first Telugu Ramayanam written in Telugu literature by Gona Budda Reddy.This is written in Dwipada Chandassu). Gona Budda Reddy’s daughter got married to Malyala Gunda Dandadeeshudu.

After Gona Budda Reddy’s death, His brother Gona Lakuma Reddy took over the kingdom. Gona Lakuma Reddy was not loyal to Kakatiya kings. After observing that his uncle Lakuma Reddy not being loyal to Kakatiya kings, Gona Ganna reddy, took over the kingdom of Vardhamaanapuram and helped Kakatiya kings in many wars. After Gona Ganna Reddy rule, His brother-in-law Malyala Gundanna became the king of Vardhamanapuram. Malyala Gundanna constructed several lakes with the help of his brother-in-law Gona Ganna Reddy at the time of Rudrama Devi's rule.

Buddapuram (Present Bhoothpur) and Vardhamana Puram (Nandi Vaddeman,Near Bijinapalle) are the centers for Malyala Kings. These kings helped to Kakatiyas in many wars during the period of Ganapathi Deva, Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra. After Malyala Gundanna's death, His wife, Malyala Kappambhika constructed a temple known as Budddeshwaralayam at Bhoothpur.

Sources
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khilla_Ghanpur#Fort



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